What goes around comes around: the brain networks of learning, sleeping and struggling28 November 2018The brain is built from billions of interconnected cells that change their activity patterns thousands of times per second, but somehow manage to stay in synch – most of the time. At a public lecture next week [Wednesday 5 December] the University of Bristol's new Director of Bristol Neuroscience will discuss how brain cells – neurons, co-ordinate information processing to achieve coherent thoughts and memories.
New psychological intervention proves 'life-changing' for women experiencing domestic abuse27 November 2018Training domestic violence and abuse (DVA) advocates to deliver psychological support to women experiencing DVA could significantly improve the health of those affected. In a randomised controlled trial led by researchers from the University of Bristol, women who received the intervention showed reduced symptoms of psychological distress, depression and post-traumatic stress compared to those who received just advocacy.
Creating rings in natural antibiotic synthesis26 November 2018Scientists at the University of Bristol have revealed the secrets of the key ring forming cascade in the biosynthesis of a globally used antibiotic. They hope their findings could lead to the development of antibiotics with improved properties and new biocatalysts for the clean and efficient synthesis of medicinally important molecules.
Glucose binding molecule could transform the treatment of diabetes 19 November 2018Scientists from the University of Bristol have designed a new synthetic glucose binding molecule platform that brings us one step closer to the development of the world’s first glucose-responsive insulin which, say researchers, will transform the treatment of diabetes.
New study aims to reduce the use of oral antibiotics for ear infections in children16 November 2018Middle ear infections, known medically as acute otitis media (AOM), are common painful infections in children, for which there are up to three million treatment episodes in England and Wales each year. They are often treated with antibiotics by mouth. However, these can cause side effects like rashes, diarrhoea and vomiting, and their over-use contributes to the growing global health threat of antibiotic resistance. Researchers from the Universities of Bristol, Southampton, King’s College London and Imperial College London, are collaborating on a new study to investigate alternative treatments, which they hope will reduce unnecessary oral antibiotic use, while relieving painful symptoms and reducing healthcare costs.
University to launch new interdisciplinary antimicrobial resistance research network14 November 2018Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an escalating global health emergency with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) estimating that 'superbugs' will kill 1.3 million people in Europe by 2050, including more than 90,000 in the UK, unless we can halt the rise in antibiotic-resistant infections. The University of Bristol is committed to tackling this global challenge and today [Wednesday 14 November] a new cross-faculty and interdisciplinary AMR research network will be launched, funded by the University's Elizabeth Blackwell Institute (EBI).
More adults are using complementary and alternative medicine in England but access is unequal, finds survey14 November 2018Use of practitioner-led complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), such as acupuncture, massage, osteopathy and chiropractic treatment, rose from 12 per cent of the population in 2005 to 16 per cent of the population in 2015, according to a survey led by researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care. However, access to these treatments was unequal, with women, those who are better off and those in the south of England more likely to use CAM.
Resonant mechanism discovery could inspire ultra-thin acoustic absorbers13 November 2018New research led by academics at the University of Bristol has discovered that the scales on moth wings vibrate and can absorb the sound frequencies used by bats for echolocation (biological sonar). The finding could help researchers develop bioinspired thin and lightweight resonant sound absorbers.
New study sheds light on medicines storage practices on UK dairy farms12 November 2018Researchers at the University of Bristol, supported by the British Veterinary Association, the British Cattle Veterinary Association and the Responsible Use of Medicines in Agriculture (RUMA) Alliance, are calling for veterinary surgeons in the UK to work together with their farmer clients to remove expired and inappropriate veterinary medicines from farms and dispose of them appropriately.