Dr George Leckie
Senior Lecturer in Social Statistics
My research focuses on the application of multilevel and other latent variable methods to analyse educational and other social science data. Particular multilevel models of interest include: cross-classified models, multiple membership models, growth-curve models, and the social relations model.
My substantive interests include: school performance indicators and their associated publication in league tables; value-added models (VAMs) for measuring school and teacher effects on student achievement; modelling rater effects on test scoring.
My statistical software interests are in developing runmlwin and runmixregls, Stata commands to fit multilevel models in the MLwiN and the MIXREGLS software from within Stata.
I joined the Centre for Multilevel Modelling in 2005, initially working on the ESRC-funded LEMMA 1 grant (2005-2008). I was a co-investigator on the ESRC-funded LEMMA 2 (2008-2011) and e-Stat (2009-2012) grants and am currently a co-investigator on the ESRC-funded LEMMA 3 (2011-2014) and eBook (2013-2016) grants. I hold an ESRC future research leaders grant (2013-2015).
Previously, I have held research positions at the Centre for Market and Public Organisation in the Department of Economics, University of Bristol and was a visiting researcher at Cornell University, Institute of Education, University of York, and VU University Amsterdam.
My research (with Professor Harvey Goldstein), on the limitations of using school league tables to inform school choice, received considerable attention in the press; including: BBC Radio 4, Financial Times, The Telegraph and The Times Educational Supplement.
I lead three units on the advanced quantitative methods pathway of the ESRC South West Doctoral Training Centre (SWDTC). I often teach short courses on multilevel modelling to academic and other researchers: Belfast, Bristol, Brussels, Cincinnati, Dublin (Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland), Essex, London (Royal Statistical Society), Paris (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development), Tuebingen, and Zurich. I author an extensive set of multilevel modelling training materials for the LEMMA multilevel modelling online course. I second supervise two PhD students. I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.
I have worked on a range of government and other funded consultancy projects: Higher Education Academy, King’s College London (MRC), National Center for Educational Achievement, National Assessment Agency, Pearson Education, University of Birmingham (DoH), University of Oxford (Ofqual).
I sit on the Royal Statistical Society's Professional Development Centre and Social Statistics Section committees.
Current Research Projects
Past Research Projects
Peer Reviewed Journal Articles
- Leckie, G. runmixregls - A Program to Run the MIXREGLS Mixed-effects Location Scale Software from within Stata. Journal of Statistical Software, Code Snippet, 1-41. Forthcoming.
- Leckie, G. and Charlton, C. (2013). runmlwin - A Program to Run the MLwiN Multilevel Modelling Software from within Stata. Journal of Statistical Software, 52 (11),1-40.
- Zammit, S., Gunnell, D., Lewis, G., Leckie, G., Dalman, C. and Allebeck, P. (2013). Individual and area level influence on suicide risk: a multilevel longitudinal study of Swedish school children. Psychological Medicine. Forthcoming.
- Jenkins, J., Rasbash, J., Leckie, G., Gass, K. and Dunn, J. (2012). The role of maternal factors in sibling relationship quality: a multilevel study of multiple dyads per family. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 53, 622-629.
- Leckie, G., Pillinger, R., Jones, K. and Goldstein, H. (2012). Multilevel modelling of social segregation. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 37, 3-30.
- Cheung, C., Goodman, D., Leckie, G. and Jenkins, J. (2011). Understanding Contextual Effects on Externalizing Behaviors in Children in Out-of- home Care: Influence of Workers and Foster Families. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 2050-2060.
- Leckie, G. and Baird, J.-A. (2011). Rater effects on essay scoring: A multilevel analysis of severity drift, central tendency and rater experience. Journal of Educational Measurement, 48, 399-418.
- Leckie, G. and Goldstein, H. (2011). A note on “The limitations of using school league tables to inform school choice”. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 174, 833-836.
- Leckie, G. and Goldstein, H. (2011). Understanding uncertainty in school league tables. Fiscal Studies, 32, 207-224.
- Rasbash, J., Leckie, G., Pillinger, R. and Jenkins, J. (2010). Children's educational progress: partitioning family, school and area effects, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 173, Part 4, 1-26.
- Leckie, G. (2009). The complexity of school and neighbourhood effects and movements of pupils on school differences in models of educational achievement, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 172, 537-554.
- Leckie, G. and Goldstein, H. (2009). The limitations of using school league tables to inform school choice, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 172, 835-851.
- Propper, C., Burgess, S., Bolster, A., Leckie, G., Jones, K. and Johnston, R. (2007). The Impact of Neighbourhood on the Income and Mental Health of British Social Renters, Urban Studies, 44, 393-415.
- Propper, C., Damiani, M., Leckie, G. and Dixon, J. (2007). Impact of patients’ socioeconomic status on the distance travelled for hospital admission in the English National Health Service, Journal of Health Service Research & Policy, 12, 153-159.
Other Publications (selected)
- Leckie, G. (2014) Cross-classified hierarchical linear modeling, in Michalos, A. C (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Quality of Life Research, Springer Reference. Forthcoming.
- Leckie, G. (2012) Cross-classified multilevel models using Stata: How important are schools and neighbourhoods for students’ educational attainment? In Garson, D. (Ed.) Hierarchical Linear Modeling: Guide and Applications. Sage.
- Leckie, G. (2014) Multiple membership models, in Michalos, A. C (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Quality of Life Research, Springer Reference. Forthcoming.
- Propper, C. and Leckie, G. (2011) Increasing Competition Between Providers in Health Care Markets: The Economic Evidence. In Smith, P. and Glied, S. (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Health Economics. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
- Leckie, G., Pillinger, R., Jenkins, J. and Rasbash, J. (2010) School, family, neighbourhood: which is most important to a child's education? Significance, 67-72.
- Goldstein, H. and Leckie, G. (2008) School League Tables: What can they really tell us? Significance, 5, 67-69.