Academic integrity and plagiarism
Academic integrity includes the values of trust, respect, fairness and honesty in your work. Bristol prides itself on its academic scholarship and aims to develop a strong academic community throughout the whole of the student body.
At Bristol we are looking for you to develop a number of key skills which include:
- Evidence of your independent thought.
- Critical thinking and the ability to compare other people’s theories and evaluate evidence to reach your own conclusions.
- An ability to clearly reference other people’s ideas and therefore implicitly show that everything else is your own.
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is the inclusion of any idea or any language from someone else without giving due credit by citing and referencing that source in your work. This applies if the source is print or electronic, published or unpublished, or the work of any other person. Examples of plagiarism include:
- Handing in another student’s work as your own.
- Copying an essay or some text from a source without proper acknowledgement.
- Paraphrasing materials from a source text without appropriate referencing.
- Using someone else’s ideas or arguments without acknowledging them.
- Using statistics, tables, figures, data, diagrams or images without acknowledgement or reference.
- Handing in material downloaded directly from the internet.
- Submitting, in whole or in part, work that has previously been submitted at Bristol or elsewhere.
- Buying or commissioning work, such as essays or software programs.
How to avoid plagiarism
You should consult the relevant handbooks from your faculty/school and/or programme to ensure that you are working within the specific requirements of your subject. To avoid plagiarism you should:
- Only include other people's ideas within your work when they support your argument or to illustrate a point and ensure you reference them.
- Try and think in terms of 'ideas' and not quotations or paraphrases - if something is not your idea then whose is it?
- Use direct quotations only when absolutely necessary, focus on ideas instead.
- If you use quotations, paraphrases, statistics, tables, figures, data, diagrams or images, make sure you reference them.
- Never cut and paste from the internet.
Consequences of plagiarism
Plagiarism is a serious academic offence. If plagiarism is suspected in your work, you will be asked to attend an interview with senior members of the school where you will be given the chance to discuss the issues.
Any obviously plagiarised work is unacceptable and will be penalised according to University regulations.
How we detect plagiarism - Turnitin UK
The University uses Turnitin UK to assist in systematically checking student assignments for plagiarism. The software highlights sections of text which have been found in other sources, including the world wide web, databases of reference material, and work submitted by other students. The assignment is reviewed by the academic department, which will make a decision as to whether the work has been correctly cited or whether there is evidence of plagiarism.
For more information on how Turnitin is used, see the following: Turnitin UK - JISC Plagiarism Detection Service (PDF, 155kB). You can find this guidance in the Student Rules and Regulations.