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The Advanced Composites Centre for Innovation and Science is at the heart of composites research regionally, nationally and internationally. A number of strategic partnerships have been set up with industry and government funding agencies to develop and exploit this research. ACCIS also links to centres of excellence across the University of Bristol in specific areas.
The Composites UTC research activity links into a worldwide university network providing advanced technology to Rolls-Royce. As the use of composites in aerospace components and power systems increases, so a better understanding of physical behaviour and more advanced design and manufacturing methods is required. The UTC aims to provide a validated analysis capability for the mechanical response of composites that can be used in the design of these components. The Composites UTC comprises a core team of researchers and support staff and around 20 affiliated PhD students and EngD research engineers. Professor Michael Wisnom is the Director of the UTC, Professor Stephen Hallett is the Technical Director and Dr Luiz Kawashita is the UTC lecturer.
The National Composites Centre was opened in 2011 by the University of Bristol and the South West Regional Development Agency (SWRDA) in partnership with industry, with £12m of funding from central Government and £4m from SWRDA. With £28m of additional central Government funding, Phase II of the NCC was completed in 2014. It is part of the High Value Manufacturing Catapult and aims to be an independent, open-access national centre that delivers world-class innovation in the design and rapid manufacture of composites and facilitates their widespread industrial exploitation.The NCC forms an internationally leading hub, linking activities across all sectors of the UK in research, education and training, technology transfer and incubation of new enterprises.
Professor Kevin Potter holds a joint post between ACCIS and the NCC where he is the NCC Professor in Composites Manufacture. Dr Hamish McAlpine is the UoB/NCC Project Manager.
The High Performance Ductile Composite Technologies (HiPerDuCT) £6m programme grant is a collaboration between ACCIS and The Composites Centre at Imperial College London. It was funded through the EPSRC call for ‘Creativity in Composites Engineering’ in 2010 which funded programmes to address longer-term challenges to fully realise the potential of composite materials. Composites have become established as very high performance materials and continue to expand rapidly into new markets and applications but a fundamental limitation of current composites is their inherent brittleness. Failure is usually sudden and catastrophic, with little warning or residual load carrying capacity.Therefore the aims of HiPerDuCT are to design, manufacture and evaluate a range of composite systems with a ductile or pseudo-ductile response, while maintaining the strength and stiffness for which composites are so highly prized.
The team is led by Professor Michael Wisnom (University of Bristol) and Professor Alexander Bismarck (Imperial College London), and supported by partners including BAE Systems, Dstl, Halliburton, Hexcel, Mouchel, Rolls-Royce and Vestas. Other ACCIS academics involved in the project include Professor Ian Bond, Professor Kevin Potter and Professor Paul Weaver. Further information is available on the HiPerDuCT website.
The EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Composites (CIMComp) was set up in June 2011 for the development of a national centre of excellence in fundamental research for composites manufacturing. It is led by the University of Nottingham in collaboration with Bristol, Manchester and Cranfield universities.
CIMComp underpins the development of next-generation composites manufacturing processes based on low cost, short cycle times, efficiency and sustainability. Current activities involve 32 industrial partners and four Technology Centres, with a portfolio of 25 inter-related projects and an Industrial Doctorate Centre. The Centre is currently collaborating with 23 industrial companies.
ACCIS members involved in CIMComp include Professor Kevin Potter who is Deputy Director, Professor Ivana Partridge who is the Postgraduate Development Committee Chair and Director of the Industrial Doctorate Centre, Professor Michael Wisnom, Professor Stephen Hallett, Dr Eric Kim and Dr Carwyn Ward.
The Industrial Doctorate Centre (IDC) in Composites Manufacture is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and represents an integral activity to the work of the Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Composites (CIMComp). The IDC runs a four-year Engineering Doctorate (EngD) programme in Composites Manufacture, which integrates an industry-based research project with research training in technical subjects, as well as business skills and transferable skills training. It aims to address the urgent and growing need in the UK polymer composites manufacturing sector for elite Research Engineers equipped with the necessary advanced technical and leadership skills required for effective adoption of new knowledge and technologies in composites manufacture.
The IDC's theme area is manufacturing of engineering composites structures, specifically those which comprise continuous high performance fibres held together with a polymeric matrix. The relevant industry areas include aerospace, automotive, marine, wind energy and construction. Its combined research portfolio presents a new knowledge resource on composites manufacturing, covering direct manufacturing technology - processes and operations, modelling and simulation, design for manufacture and design for recycling.
The IDC is run as a collaboration between the Universities of Bristol (lead university), Cranfield, Manchester and Nottingham. EngD students are based with their sponsor company and benefit from the use of cutting-edge equipment and expertise at the universities and at the National Composites Centre (NCC), which provides a world-class facility to bridge the gap between research and industrial application.
The Interface Analysis Centre in the Science Faculty provides a wide range of specialist techniques for the analysis of interfaces in solid-state materials, including Auger Electron Spectroscopy, Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Focused Ion Beam Milling, Scanning Electron Microscopy and Laser Raman Spectroscopy.
Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) employs sensor and imaging technology to assess the condition of components, plant and engineering structures of all kinds during manufacture and in-service. The UK Research Centre in NDE (RCNDE) is a collaboration between 6 universities led by Imperial College and 16 large full member companies who are end users of the technology, with over 30 associate members largely drawn from the technology supply chain. The centre undertakes adventurous research in this technology area which is key to the safe and sustainable future of a broad cross-section of UK industry including high value manufacturing, aerospace, power generation, defence and oil & gas. The centre has now successfully established the UK as a world leader in multi-disciplinary Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE) research and delivered a wide range of new technology, expertise and people into an area that had been fragmented for some decades.
RCNDE has attracted over £7.5M of industry funding and generated a pipeline of more than 50 exploitable NDE outputs at different stages of development. The industrial members have developed a cross-sector vision for the radical new approaches to NDE that will be needed to provide the inspection and qualification capabilities to meet their future business ambitions over the next 20 years and beyond. The Centre is supported by EPSRC until 2020 to enable it to meet these new long term research challenges, building on the successful track record of the centre to date. The Centre will include a wide portfolio of activities from feasibility studies and longer term, higher risk adventurous research, through medium term application research and development to short term practical projects and technology transfer activities with end-users and the supply chain.
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