Glossary

 

TermDescription
Article processing charge (APC) Fee paid for papers published through the Gold route. The University has block grants from UKRI, The Wellcome Trust, CRUK and BHF to pay article processing charges. Authors are required to complete and submit a claim form.
Authors' Accepted manuscript (AAM) Version of paper incorporating changes arising from peer review, but before publisher formatting. Also known as Author's manuscript, accepted manuscript and postprint.
CC-BY Creative Commons Attribution copyright license which allows for unrestricted reuse of content with the requirement that the source work is appropriately attributed. There are six different licenses but the CC-BY provides the most flexibility, and is required when open access is funded by  UKRI, The Wellcome Trust, CRUK or BHF.
Crown Copyright Work created by civil servants, ministers, and government departments and agencies is subject to Crown Copyright. If your work is produced on behalf of a government department, it may be subject to Crown Copyright and you should check the terms of your agreement with them. Crown copyright works can be shared under the terms of the Open Government Licence. If your work is not on behalf of a government department or agencies, then it is not subject to Crown Copyright.
Embargo period A length of time that publishers set before authors are allowed to make publications Green open access. Embargoes may vary and further information can be found using the Sherpa/RoMEO tool.
Gold open access

The Gold route achieves immediate online public open access via your chosen publisher, usually for a fee called an article processing charge (APC). Bristol researchers who are funded by UKRI, The Wellcome Trust, CRUK and BHF are eligible to claim for Gold Open Access charges. There are two gold options:

  • Hybrid journal; published under a subscription model with open access granted to individual articles accompanied by an APC payment.
  • Gold only journal; the cost of publication of papers is covered by the author paid APC payment, providing full open access to the reader.
Green open access The Green route involves the author publishing through the traditional subscription route with researchers self-archiving preprints or postprints in an institutional repository or a subject specific repository such as ArXiv. Publisher embargo periods may be applied for papers published through the green route.
Hybrid journal Published under a subscription model with open access granted to individual articles on payment of a publishing fee or APC payment.
Postprint The version of a paper or article after peer-review but before publication. This version will contain revisions, and is often referred to as the accepted author manuscript. In some disciplines a paper may proceed through several iterations at peer-review.
Preprint The version of a paper or article before peer-review. A preprint may be the draft early version of a paper.
Publisher PDF The final version for publication including publishers typesetting and formatting. This version is also sometimes referred to as the version of record or publisher version.
Pure The University of Bristol’s Institutional Repository and Current Research Information System which collects, organises and integrates information about research. This is where research outputs can be self-archived to make them open access. The information in Pure is made available through Explore Bristol Research and is discoverable through Google and other search engines.
Request a copy

The Request-a-copy feature on the Pure-driven website Explore Bristol Research is a service the University offers to the general public, who are less likely to have subscription access to online journals. The Open Access Team may forward requests to view your articles that are not yet publicly available. Members of the public place a request using the link that appears to the right of each record, prompting the Open Access Team to contact you.

The University of Bristol expects that authors will engage in this process. Please take the time to reply to the requester directly and let them know whether you are willing to share your work. You will need to take any copyright agreements with the publisher into consideration.  

Self-archiving For the purposes of open access, self-archiving is the act of depositing an electronic version of a paper or article in an institutional or subject specific repository. This is usually the Authors' Accepted Manuscript.
SHERPA A service that aggregates publisher self-archiving policies to provide a quick source of information about publisher copyright policies and embargo periods. SHERPA/RoMEO provides self-archiving policies and SHERPA/FACT links this to information about funder compliance.
Validation The final step in the Pure process completed by the Open Access team. A record will be validated and made public via Explore Bristol Research once the accepted manuscript has been uploaded, the Pure record has been checked and any necessary embargo periods have been set.
VAT number The University's VAT number is GB991261800
Version of record The fixed version of a paper that has been made available by a publisher. This version will have proof corrections, been through copy editing and will include final formatting. The version of record is also sometimes known as the article of record, the publisher PDF or the publisher version.
Edit this page