News in 2022

  • International siblings study sheds new light on the nature of the genetics of disease 9 May 2022 Genetic studies aim to find regions of the genome that associate with diseases or other outcomes. A new study has shown that for social traits these genetic effects are due to a mixture of direct effects (e.g. biological effects of DNA), and indirect effects (e.g. family or social environment). Whereas biological traits are mainly driven by direct effects.
  • Childhood obesity increases risk of Type 1 diabetes 28 April 2022 Being overweight in childhood increases the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in later life, according to the findings of a new study that analysed genetic data on over 400,000 individuals. The study, co-led by researchers from the Universities of Bristol and Oxford and published today in Nature Communications, also provides evidence that being overweight over many years from childhood influences the risk of other diseases including asthma, eczema and hypothyroidism.
  • Insomnia could increase people’s risk of type 2 diabetes, study finds 7 April 2022 People who have difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep had higher blood sugar levels than people who rarely had sleep issues, new research has found. The findings suggest insomnia could increase people’s risk of type 2 diabetes, and that lifestyle or pharmacological treatments that improve insomnia could help to prevent or treat the condition.
  • How accelerated biological aging may cause bowel cancer 29 March 2022 Study suggests that accelerated aging of an epigenetic clock may increase bowel cancer risk, with implications for developing ways to slow this process.
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