Skip to main content


All academic work builds on the ideas and discoveries of previous scholars. This intellectual debt must be acknowledged in every instance with a clear and accurate reference showing readers exactly where the quote, idea or fact can be found. It is not enough to include the source in a bibliography at the end of an assignment.

Failure to reference your work properly, even through carelessness, is to pass the work of others off as your own. This is PLAGIARISM.

Plagiarism is a serious offence in the University and will be dealt with severely. The University of Bristol Examination Regulations section 3.2 states:

Passages quoted or closely paraphrased from other authors must be identified as quotations or paraphrases, and the sources of the quoted or paraphrased material must be acknowledged. Use of unacknowledged sources may be construed as plagiarism.

Click here to visit Examination Regulations

References should be included in your assignments wherever you have employed the work of others, whether you are quoting a passage directly or using their ideas to build an argument.