Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ)
The Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) is a measure for assessing wounds for surgical site infection. It is designed for patient self-report or completion by a healthcare professional and is suitable for use in hospital and/or after the patient has been discharged.
The measure includes items to assess signs, symptoms and wound care interventions indicative of SSI. Response categories include an ordinal scale to capture symptom severity.
Development of the measure involved patients and professionals using robust methodology. It has been validated in a study of 792 participants with closed primary wounds after abdominal surgery. Further validation of the measure in populations with different wound types is currently underway.
The WHQ is available free for non-commercial use and is licensed under a Bluebelle WHQ licence agreement (Office document, 49kB). The terms of this licence state that the WHQ must not be adapted, translated or otherwise adjusted without first seeking prior approval from the authors. The University of Bristol will retain rights to any adapted or translated versions.
A sample copy of the WHQ can be viewed here: Bluebelle WHQ (PDF, 884kB) If you would like to use the WHQ, please complete the Bluebelle WHQ registration form (Office document, 23kB) and return this to: email@example.com.
The Bluebelle study was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Programme (project number 12/200/04).
The views and opinions expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the NIHR HTA, National Health Service or the Department of Health and Social Care.
Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire
To download a sample of the questionnaire please follow this link:
- Macefield R.C. et al. (2017) 'Development of a single, practical measure of surgical site infection (SSI) for patient report or observer completion', Journal of Infection Prevention; 18:170-179
- Bluebelle Study Group (2018) 'Validation of the Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire for assessment of surgical‐site infection in closed primary wounds after hospital discharge', British Journal of Surgery; 106: 226-235