Bristol Vet School leading the way to change antimicrobial (AM) use on farms
Press release issued: 14 November 2017
Researchers from the Bristol Veterinary School at the University of Bristol are leading the way to inspire and change antimicrobial (AM) use on farms and in veterinary prescribing practices.
Antimicrobial resistance - or AMR - is a global threat, with an estimated 700,000 people dying from resistant infections every year. This week [13-19 November] is World Antibiotic Awareness Week and ongoing research from the University’s Vet School has been showcased in a new video produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
AMR is a crucial example of the importance of the One Health concept, which recognises that the health of humans is connected to the health of animals and the environment. People share many of the same health problems as animals; for instance, they both suffer from age-related diseases and infections, such as pneumonia.
AMR research at the Bristol Vet School is led by the AMR Force and major questions the group are addressing include:
- Can we impact the way veterinarians prescribe medicines?
- Can we encourage responsible medicines use by veterinarians by using medicines auditing and benchmarking?
- Can we assist in developing medicines use policies with policy-makers, veterinarians and farmers (using participatory or other approaches)?
- Does reducing antimicrobial use impact patterns of resistance?
- How can we utilise diagnostic tests more effectively to better target prescribing?
- Can we find alternatives to antimicrobials to prevent and control disease?
- How do microbes and AMR genes cycle in the environment?
Dr Kristen Reyher, Senior Lecturer in Farm Animal Science, who leads the AMR Force, said: "The AMR Force is working closely with farmers, veterinarians, food retailers and government bodies to encourage responsible use of antimicrobials.
"Farmers and veterinarians together working alongside other advisors and responding to pressure from the public as well as legislation can influence change in the use of antimicrobials in livestock and improve the system of farming for the benefit of all animals and humanity."
David Barrett, Professor of Bovine Medicine, Production and Reproduction at the University's Vet School, added: "Reduction of critically important antimicrobials is something the University’s Vet School has been working hard on, and over the past six years our farm animal practice has reduced prescribing of these critical antimicrobials, using none in recent years."
Andrea Turner, Farm Animal Veterinary Surgeon at Langford Vets, explained: "At Bristol, we have been working closely with farmers to maximise care of their animals. This has involved taking an in-depth look at all areas of the farm - from the environment to working routines and cleanliness at all levels - because the need for antibiotics on farms can be reduced by excellent management practices."
The overall efforts of the AMR Force 'A force for change towards responsible use of antimicrobials', won the University's Vice-Chancellor's Impact award in the Health and Wellbeing category last year.
The AMR Force members have contributed to a number of initiatives including leading the British Cattle Veterinary Association and the British Veterinary Association Medicines Committees, developing a major retailer's antimicrobial stewardship policy using participatory methods along with dairy farmers, training veterinarians and farmers across a number of veterinary practices on responsible antimicrobial use, and informing industry and legislative bodies including the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) and the Responsible use of Medicines in Agriculture Alliance (RUMA).
About antimicrobial resistance (AMR) research
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) research at the Bristol Veterinary School at the University of Bristol’s is promoted and facilitated by the AMR Force, initiated and led by Dr Kristen Reyher. We work both in the South West, nationally and internationally, and are interested in decreasing antimicrobial use while improving animal health through a plurality of approaches addressing differing styles and attitudes.
Our group has been funded by and currently stewards over £3.6 million of funding from Research Councils UK (BBSRC, ESRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC) along with various industry (AHDB Dairy, MSD Animal Health, Zoetis UK, WD Farmers, Coombe Farm), public (Defra, University of Bristol) and charity funders (Soil Association, The Langford Trust) as well as international bodies (EU H2020, Formas – Sweden).
We are uniquely placed to combine our veterinary focus with close collaborations, including those with social science interests, animal welfare research and policy-making concerning animals, animal welfare and veterinary practice. We perform medicines audits and clinical governance on antibiotics in all Langford Vets clinics and advise for a number of other practices nationally. We are heavily involved in influencing medicines use UK-wide and in national control programmes on farms. We also work closely and have collaborations with the BristolBridge AMR project and with a number of basic and social science researchers at the University of Bristol and the University of Exeter.
About Langford Vets
Langford Veterinary Services Limited (trading as Langford Vets) is a customer focussed veterinary business providing an extensive range of specialist capabilities and a superior quality of care. All clinics are supported by highly specialised clinicians, diagnostic imagers, anaesthetists, nurses and support staff.
With the largest team of American and European specialists in the south west of England and as a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) Practice Standards Scheme, the Langford Vets team has reached the highest recognition available in all areas.
Langford Vets is proud to be a part of the University of Bristol.