Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) research at Bristol Veterinary School is promoted and facilitated by the AMR Force, initiated and led by Kristen Reyher. We work both in the South West, nationally and internationally, and are interested in decreasing antibiotic use while improving animal health through a plurality of approaches addressing differing styles and attitudes. Our group has previously been funded by public funders (Defra, University of Bristol) and currently stewards over £1.7 million of funding from Research Councils UK (BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC) as well as various industry (AHDB Dairy, MSD Animal Health, Zoetis UK, WD Farmers, Coombe Farm), charity funders (Soil Association, The Langford Trust) and international bodies (EU H2020, Formas – Sweden).
The major questions addressed by our research include:
- Can we use medicine audits to encourage responsible medicine use by veterinarians? (David Barrett, Kristen Reyher)
- Can we impact the way veterinarians prescribe medicines? (David Barrett, Christina Maunder, Kristen Reyher, Veronica Roberts)
- Can we assist in developing medicines use policy with policy-makers, veterinarians and farmers (using participatory or other approaches)? (David Barrett, David Main, Kristen Reyher, Lisa van Dijk)
- Does reducing antimicrobial use impact patterns of resistance? (Matthew Avison, David Barrett, Tristan Cogan, Kristen Reyher, Katy Turner)
- How do microbes and AMR genes cycle in the environment? ( Matthew Avison, Kristen Reyher, David Barrett)
We are uniquely placed to combine our veterinary focus with close collaborations, including those with social science interests, animal welfare research and policy-making concerning animals, animal welfare and veterinary practice. We are presently performing medicines audits and clinical governance on antibiotics in all Langford Vets clinics and advise for a number of other practices nationally. We are heavily involved in influencing medicines use UK-wide and in national control programmes on farms. We also work closely and have collaborations with the BristolBridge AMR project and with a number of basic and social science researchers at the University of Bristol and the University of Exeter.