The tables for inputting data at Phase 3 using the ROBIS tool. The first table is used to summarise concerns identified during the Phase 2 assessment, and the second table offer a framework to establish risk of bias in the review.

Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews

ROBIS is a new tool for assessing the risk of bias in systematic reviews (rather than in primary studies). Here you can find the tool itself, information to help you complete a ROBIS assessment, and resources to help you present the results of your ROBIS assessment.

Collaborating institutions

  • Kleijnen Systematic Reviews (KSR) Ltd logo.
  • The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, L'Hopital d'Ottawa Institut de Recherche logo.
  • NHS NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) West logo.
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