Analysing the 1998 NFHS data in India



The analytical task will involve the construction and application of measures of socio-economic position to the analysis of health data contained in the NFHS in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. The available data includes a series of NFHS questions on household assets and a village-level questionnaire providing details of the individual's community. There have been a number of significant technical and methodological advances in the measurement of poverty and multiple deprivation in the USA and Europe.

One of the primary aims of this project will be to transfer this knowledge to researchers in India. Initially a review will be undertaken of the existing use of socio-economic measures, health research and analysis within India and of qualitative studies on household resources, village characteristics and socio-economic level. This information will be used in the construction of socio-economic measures. Following consultation with the World Bank and DfID to agree common methodologies, a workshop will be held to review existing literature on socio-economic position and health in India, to discuss methodological issues involved in analysing data on social position and health and to finalise the programme for the subsequent work. A 10 day training workshop in data analysis will then be held in Delhi at which all state-level workers will be trained in computational procedures in Epi-Info and SPSS. NFHS data will be utilised during training. After 3 months of analysis by state level researchers, a report will be produced.

This project makes use of the same data as another project led by Dave Gordon and funded by UNICEF, entitled "Poverty Reduction Begins with Children: Identifying Priorities". Its objectives are to conceptualise the notion of child poverty and its dimensions and to estimate the number of poor children globally and by region, addressing the methodological problems of measuring the extent of child poverty.

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