The Human Tissue Act 2004 repealed and replaced the Human Tissue Act 1961, the Anatomy Act 1984 and the Human Organ Transplants Act 1989 (in England and Wales). The Act makes it unlawful to remove, store or use human tissue from the living or deceased without consent to do so for specified health-related purposes or public display, and is punishable by a fine and/or 3 years' imprisonment. In addition, there are a number of activities in the Act that require a license from the Human Tissue Authority before they can be lawfully undertaken.
The Human Tissue Authority (HTA) was set up to regulate the removal, storage, use and disposal of human bodies, organs and tissue for a number of Scheduled Purposes (such as research, transplantation, and education and training) set out in the Human Tissue Act. In order to carry out research that leads to human benefit, or is for teaching purposes, the University of Bristol uses and stores tissue that falls within the remit of the HTA. The University therefore has obligations under the Human Tissue Act.
Further information is available from our key facts and research pages and the Human Tissue Authority website, including information on what needs licensing, and codes of practice on use of tissue and on appropriate consent.