The TARGET Programme

The Programme started in 2010 and will complete in March 2016.

Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children present a major problem to health care services internationally for three reasons:

The overall aim of the Programme is to improve the quality of care given to children presenting to primary care with RTIs. The Programme consists of five Workstreams (WS) using mixed methods to: review existing data in WS1; explore the experiences of parents and clinicians in WS2; develop a clinical prediction rule to predict future hospitalisation for RTI in WS3; integrate the evidence found in WS1-3 in WS(t), which led to developing an intervention to improve the targeting of antibiotics and parental health seeking behaviour for children with RTIs; evaluate in WS4.

The programme, funded by the National Institute for Health Research Programme Grants for Applied Research Programme,found new evidence to help parents, primary care clinicians (doctors and nurses) and policy makers support improved antimicrobial stewardship in primary care.

The main findings of the five-year research programme are:

The team is currently writing up the results for publication, both within workstreams and across them, generating further research ideas and disseminating the work for public, clinical and NHS attention.