Browse/search for people

Publication - Dr Chris McWilliams

    Towards a decision support tool for intensive care discharge

    Machine learning algorithm development using electronic healthcare data from MIMIC-III and Bristol, UK

    Citation

    McWilliams, C, Lawson, D, Santos-Rodriguez, R, Gilchrist, I, Champneys, A, Gould, T, Thomas, M & Bourdeaux, C, 2019, ‘Towards a decision support tool for intensive care discharge: Machine learning algorithm development using electronic healthcare data from MIMIC-III and Bristol, UK’. BMJ Open, vol 9.

    Abstract

    Objective
    The primary objective is to develop an automated method for detecting patients that are ready for discharge from intensive care.

    Design
    We used two datasets of routinely collected patient data to test and improve upon a set of previously proposed discharge criteria.

    Setting
    Bristol Royal Infirmary general intensive care unit (GICU).

    Patients
    Two cohorts derived from historical datasets: 1870 intensive care patients from GICU in Bristol, and 7592 from MIMIC-III (a publicly available intensive care dataset).

    Results
    In both cohorts few successfully discharged patients met all of the discharge criteria. Both a random forest and a logistic classifier, trained using multiple-source cross-validation, demonstrated improved performance over the original criteria and generalised well between the cohorts. The classifiers showed good agreement on which features were most predictive of readiness-fordischarge, and these were generally consistent with clinical experience. By weighting the discharge criteria according to feature importance from the logistic model we showed improved performance over the original criteria, while retaining good interpretability.

    Conclusions
    Our findings indicate the feasibility of the proposed approach to ready-for-discharge classification, which could complement other risk models of specific adverse outcomes in a future decision support system. Avenues for improvement to produce a clinically useful tool are identified.

    Full details in the University publications repository