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Publication - Professor Ian Craddock

    Extending the battery lifetime of wearable sensors with embedded machine learning


    Fafoutis, X, Marchegiani, L, Elsts, A, Pope, J, Piechocki, R & Craddock, I, 2018, ‘Extending the battery lifetime of wearable sensors with embedded machine learning’. in: 2018 IEEE 4th World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT 2018): Proceedings of a meeting held 5-8 February 2018, Singapore. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), pp. 269-274


    Smart health home systems and assisted living architectures rely on severely energy-constrained sensing devices, such as wearable sensors, for the generation of data and their reliable wireless communication to a central location. However, the need for recharging the battery regularly constitutes a maintenance burden that hinders the long-term cost-effectiveness of these systems, especially for health-oriented applications that target people in need, such as the elderly or the chronically ill. These sensing systems generate raw data that is processed into knowledge by reasoning and machine learning algorithms. This paper investigates the benefits of embedded machine learning, i.e. executing this knowledge extraction on the wearable sensor, instead of communicating abundant raw data over the low power network. Focusing on a simple classification task and using an accelerometer-based wearable sensor, we demonstrate that embedded machine learning has the potential to reduce the radio and processor duty cycle by several orders of magnitude; and, thus, substantially extend the battery lifetime of resource-constrained wearable sensors.

    Full details in the University publications repository