Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitation in Developing Countries

This module provides a thorough grounding in the practical operational management of water supply and sanitation (excreta, wastewater and refuse/waste) systems within the overall context of the low-income and middle-income countries and environmental protection.

This is achieved by considering the socio-cultural-economic factors which influence the planning, design and operation of sustainable water supply and sanitation systems.

It provides methods for choosing technologically, socially, economically and environmentally appropriate (sustainable) water supply and sanitation (excreta, wastewater and refuse/waste management) systems.  It ensures awareness and understanding of the institutional framework necessary for the sustainable management of the water supply and sanitation (excreta, wastewater and refuse/waste) systems in the developing countries of the southern hemisphere and the newly economically emerging states of the former Soviet Union.

Summary of aims

The module builds upon a good understanding of the principles of conventional water supply excreta, wastewater and refuse systems management and the measures necessary to meet public health protection, environmental quality standards and community aesthetic expectations.

Its principal aims are:

  1. To study the relationship between water, sanitation (excreta, wastewater and refuse) and health particularly in low-income and middle-income countries.
  2. To study the sociological aspects of water supply and sanitation in low-income and middle-income countries.
  3. To study the socio-economy of water and sanitation systems in these countries.
  4. To study the appropriate water supply and sanitation systems for these countries.
  5. To study the institutional framework for water supply and sanitation project planning and execution in these countries.

Anticipated learning outcomes

From a knowledge of:

Students at the end of the module should be able to:

  1. Understand the complex socio-cultural, geo-political and socio-economic factors affecting water resources and sanitation management in low-income and middle-income countries.
  2. Appreciate the relationship between sanitation and health.
  3. Critically appraise the existing procedures for the planning, design and implementation of technically, socio-culturally, economically environmentally sound water supply, excreta, wastewater and refuse management systems and suggest improvements.
  4. Develop and undertake the critical evaluation of alternative proposals and designs for water supply and sanitation systems and liaise with the community/beneficiary on the measures taken to meet drinking water quality standards and customer expectations and to protect public health.