Professor Carol Propper

Professor Carol Propper

Professor Carol Propper
Professor of Economics

2B7,
The Priory Road Complex, Priory Road, Clifton
BS8 1TU
(See a map)

carol.propper@bristol.ac.uk

Telephone Number (0117) 3310706

Department of Economics

Research

Carol Propper's research interests cover public economics and the economics of health care. Current research projects include the impact of competition and pseudo-competition on quality in health care and education, the analysis of poverty dynamics and the impact of incentives on the performance of public sector employees. She is co-director of the Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion at the LSE, research fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research and a Council member of the Royal Economic Society.

Teaching

EFIM20002: Applied Microeconomics
ECONM1020: Public Organisation

Fields of interest

Public Economics, The Economics of Health Care




Latest publications

  1. Johnston, DW, Propper, C, Pudney, SE & Shields, MA 2014, ‘The income gradient in childhood mental health: all in the eye of the beholder?’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), vol 177., pp. 807-827
  2. McCormack, J, Propper, C & Smith, SL 2014, ‘Herding cats? Management and university performance’. The Economic Journal, vol 124., pp. F534-F564
  3. Washbrook, E, Gregg, P & Propper, C 2014, ‘A decomposition analysis of the relationship between parental income and multiple child outcomes’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), vol 177., pp. 757-782
  4. Feng, Y, Pistollato, M, Charlesworth, A, Devlin, N, Propper, C & Sussex, J 2014, ‘Association between market concentration of hospitals and patient health gain following hip replacement surgery’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy.
  5. Scholder, SMLVHK, Smith, GD, Lawlor, DA, Propper, C & Windmeijer, F 2013, ‘Child height, health and human capital: Evidence using genetic markers’. European Economic Review, vol 57., pp. 1-22
  6. Howe, LD, Lawlor, DA & Propper, C 2013, ‘Trajectories of socioeconomic inequalities in health, behaviours and academic achievement across childhood and adolescence’. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol 67., pp. 358-364
  7. Washbrook, EV, Gregg, PA & Propper, C 2013, ‘A decomposition analysis of the relationship between parental income and multiple child outcomes: Update of WP 08/193’. Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol
  8. Johnston, DW, Propper, C, Pudney, S & Shields, MA 2013, ‘CHILD MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT: MULTIPLE OBSERVERS AND THE MEASUREMENT ERROR PROBLEM’. Journal of Applied Econometrics.
  9. Propper, C & Venables, M-A 2013, ‘An assessment of Labours record on health and healthcare’. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, vol 29., pp. 203-226
  10. Washbrook, EV, Propper, C & Sayal, KS 2013, ‘Pre-school hyperactivity/attention problems and educational outcomes in adolescence: Prospective longitudinal study’. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, vol 203., pp. 265-271
  11. Gaynor, M, Moreno-Serra, R & Propper, C 2013, ‘Death by Market Power: Reform, Competition, and Patient Outcomes in the National Health Service’. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, vol 5., pp. 134-166
  12. Gaynor, M, Laudicella, M & Propper, C 2012, ‘Can governments do it better? Merger mania and hospital outcomes in the English NHS’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 31., pp. 528-543
  13. Wilson, DJ & Propper, C 2012, ‘The use of performance measures in health care systems’. in: The Elgar Companion to Health Economics, 2nd edition. Aldershot: Edward Elgar
  14. Gaynor, M, Moreno-Serra, R & Propper, C 2012, ‘Can competition improve outcomes in UK health care? Lessons from the past two decades’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol 17., pp. 49-54
  15. Propper, C 2012, ‘Competition, incentives and the English NHS’. Health Economics, vol 21., pp. 33-40
  16. Nicholson, S & Propper, C 2012, ‘Medical Workforce’. in: MV Pauly, TG McGuire, PP Barros (eds) Handbook of Health Economics. Elsevier, pp. 873 - 925
  17. Scholder, SvHK, Smith, GD, Lawlor, DA, Propper, C & Windmeijer, F 2012, ‘The effect of fat mass on educational attainment: Examining the sensitivity to different identification strategies’. Economics and Human Biology.
  18. Gaynor, M, Seiler, S & Propper, C 2012, ‘Free to Choose? Reform and Demand Response in the English National Health Service’. NBER, pp. 1-54
  19. Bloom, N, Propper, C, Seiler, S & Van Reenen, J 2012, ‘The Impact of Competition on Management Quality: Evidence from Public Hospitals’. NBER, pp. 2-39
  20. Propper, C & Jennifer, D 2011, ‘The Impact of Competition between hospitals’. in: Anna Dixon, Nick Mays (eds) Understanding New Labour's Market Reforms of the English NHS. The King's Fund
  21. Propper, C & Leckie, G 2011, ‘Increasing Competition Between Providers in Health Care Markets: The Economic Evidence’. in: P Smith, S Glied (eds) Oxford Handbook of Health Economics. Oxford University Press, pp. 671 - 687
  22. Scholder, SvHK, Smith, GD, Lawlor, DA, Propper, C & Windmeijer, F 2011, ‘Mendelian randomization: the use of genes in instrumental variable analyses’. Health Economics, vol 20., pp. 893-896
  23. Bloom, N, Cooper, Z, Gaynor, M, Gibbons, S, Jones, S, McGuire, A, Moreno-Serra, R, Propper, C, Van Reenen, J & Seiler, S 2011, ‘In defence of our research on competition in England's National Health Service’. Lancet, vol 378., pp. 2064-5; author reply 2065-6
  24. Gaynor, M, Moreno-Serra, R & Propper, C 2011, ‘Competition could substantially benefit healthcare’. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), vol 343., pp. d4727
  25. Propper, C, Sutton, M, Whitnall, C & Windmeijer, F 2010, ‘Incentives and Targets in Hospital Care: Evidence from a Natural Experiment’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 94., pp. 318 - 335
  26. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M, Scholder, SVHK & Tominey, E 2010, ‘Smarter Task Assignment or Greater Effort: The Impact of Incentives on Team Performance’. Economic Journal, vol 120 ., pp. 968 - 989
  27. Propper, C & Van Reenen, J 2010, ‘Can Pay Regulation Kill? Panel Data Evidence on the Effects of Labor Markets on Hospital Performance’. Journal of Political Economy, vol 118., pp. 222 - 273
  28. Propper, C & Wilson, D 2010, ‘Competition and choice: the place of markets in connecting information and performance improvement’. in: K Walshe, G Harvey, P Jas (eds) Connecting Knowledge and Performance in Public Services: From Knowing to Doing. Cambridge University Press
  29. Gaynor, M, Morena-Serra, R & Propper, C 2010, ‘Death by Market Power Reform, Competition and Patient Outcomes in the National Health Service’. University of Bristol, CMPO, pp. 1-57
  30. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M, Scholder, SVHK & Tominey, E 2010, ‘Smarter Task Assignment or Greater Effort: What Makes a Difference in Team Performance?’. The Economic Journal, vol 120., pp. 968-989
  31. Atkinson, A, Burgess, S, Croxson, B, Gregg, P, Propper, C, Slater, H & Wilson, D 2009, ‘Evaluating the impact of performance-related pay for teachers in England’. Labour Economics, vol 16., pp. 251 - 261
  32. Johnston, DW, Propper, C & Shields, MA 2009, ‘Comparing subjective and objective measures of health: Evidence from hypertension for the income/health gradient’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 28., pp. 540 - 552
  33. Janke, K, Propper, C & Henderson, J 2009, ‘Do current levels of air pollution kill? The impact of air pollution on population mortality in England’. Health Economics, vol 18., pp. 1031 - 1055
  34. Propper, C, Burgess, S & Gossage, D 2008, ‘Competition and Quality: Evidence from the NHS Internal Market 1991-1999’. Economic Journal, vol 118 (525)., pp. 138 - 170
  35. Monstad, K, Propper, C & Salvanes, K 2008, ‘Education and Fertility: Evidence from a Natural Experiment’. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, vol 110(4)., pp. 827 - 852
  36. Gregg, PA, Propper, C & Washbrook, EV 2008, ‘Understanding the Relationship between Parental Income and Multiple Child Outcomes: a decomposition analysis’. Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol
  37. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Knies, G 2008, ‘Keeping up with the Schmidt's - An Empirical Test of Relative Deprivation Theory in the Neighbourhood Context’. Journal of Applied Social Science Studies, vol 128 (1)., pp. 75 - 108
  38. Propper, C, Windmeijer, F, Whitnall, C & Sutton, M 2008, ‘Did targets and terror reduce waiting times for hospital care in England’. The BE Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.
  39. Halonen-Akatwijuka, M & Propper, C 2008, ‘Competition and decentralisation in government bureaucracies’. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, vol 67., pp. 903 - 916
  40. Burgess, S, Gregg, P, Propper, C & Washbrook, E 2008, ‘Maternity rights and mothers' return to work’. Labour Economics, vol 15., pp. 168 - 201
  41. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Wilson, D & Johnson, D 2008, ‘The transition of pupils from primary to secondary school in England’. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 33., pp. 388 - 403
  42. Atkinson, A, Burgess, S, Gregg, P, Propper, C & Proud, S 2008, ‘The Impact of Classroom Peer Groups on Pupil GCSE Results’. University of Bristol
  43. Propper, C, Rigg, J & Burgess, S 2007, ‘Child health: evidence on the roles of family income and maternal mental health from a UK birth cohort’. Health Economics, vol 16 (11)., pp. 1245 - 1269
  44. Propper, C, Damiani, M, Leckie, G & Dixon, J 2007, ‘Impact of patients' socioeconomic status on the distance travelled for hospital admission in the English National Health Service’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol 12 (3)., pp. 153 - 159
  45. Bolster, A, Burgess, S, Johnston, R, Jones, K, Propper, C & Sarker, R 2007, ‘Neighbourhoods, households and income dynamics: a semi-parametric investigagion of neighbourhood effects’. Journal of Economic Geography, vol 7 (1)., pp. 1 - 38
  46. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Propper, C & Burgess, S 2007, ‘Region, Local Context, and Voting at the 1997 General Election in England’. American Journal of Political Science, vol 51 (3)., pp. 640 - 654
  47. Propper, C, Burgess, S, Bolster, A, Leckie, G, Jones, K & Johnston, R 2007, ‘The Impact of Neighbourhood on the Income and Mental Health of British Social Renters’. Urban Studies, vol 44 (2)., pp. 393 - 415
  48. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Wilson, D 2007, ‘The Impact of School Choice in England: Implications from the economic evidence’. Policy Studies, vol 28 (2)., pp. 129 - 143
  49. Burgess, S, McConnell, B, Propper, C & Wilson, D 2007, ‘The Impact of School Choice on Sorting by Ability and Socioeconomic Factors in English Secondary Education’. in: L Woessmann, PE Peterson (eds) Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem. MIT Press, pp. 273 - 292
  50. Propper, C, Wilson, D & Burgess, S 2006, ‘Extending Choice in English Health Care: The Implications of the Economic Evidence’. Journal of Social Policy, vol 35 (4)., pp. 537 - 557
  51. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Dickson, M 2006, ‘The Analysis of Poverty Data with Endogenous Transitions’. Fiscal Studies, vol 27(1)., pp. 75 - 98
  52. Propper, C & Wilson, D 2006, ‘The Use of Performance Measures in Health Care Systems’. in: AM Jones (eds) The Elgar Companion to Health Economics. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 326 - 334
  53. Propper, C, Burgess, S, Bolster, A, Leckie, G, Jones, K & Johnston, R 2006, ‘The Impact of Neighbourhood on the Income and Mental Health of British Social Renters’. Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol
  54. Aassve, A, Burgess, S, Propper, C & Dickson, M 2006, ‘Employment, family union and childbearing decisions in Great Britain’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, Statistics in Society, vol 169 (4)., pp. 781 - 804
  55. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Gardiner, K 2006, ‘School, Family and County Effects on Adolescents' Later Life Chances’. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, vol 27(2)., pp. 155 - 184
  56. Propper, C, Damiani, M, Leckie, G & Dixon, J 2006, ‘Distance Travelled in the NHS in England for Inpatient Treatment’. Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol
  57. Johnston, R, Sarker, R, Jones, K, Bolster, A, Propper, C & Burgess, S 2005, ‘Egocentric economic voting and changes in party choice: Great Britain, 1992-2001’. Journal of Elections, Political Opinion and Parties, vol 1., pp. 129 - 144
  58. Johnston, R, Propper, C, Burgess, S, Sarker, R, Bolster, A & Jones, K 2005, ‘Spatial Scale and the Neighbourhood Effect: Multinomial Models of Voting at Two Recent British General Elections’. British Journal of Political Science, vol 35 (3)., pp. 487 - 514
  59. Propper, C, Jones, K, Bolster, A, Burgess, S, Johnston, R & Sarker, R 2005, ‘Local neighbourhood and mental health: Evidence from the UK’. Social Science and Medicine, vol 61 (10)., pp. 2065 - 2083
  60. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Propper, C, Sarker, R, Burgess, S & Bolster, A 2005, ‘A missing level in the analysis of British voting behaviour: the household as context as shown by analyses of a 1992-1997 longitudinal survey’. Electoral Studies, vol 24., pp. 201 - 225
  61. Gregg, P, Washbrook, E, Propper, C & Burgess, S 2005, ‘The Effects of a Mother's Return to Work Decision on Child Development in the UK’. Economic Journal, vol 115 (501)., pp. F48 - F80
  62. Johnston, R, Propper, C, Sarker, R, Jones, K, Bolster, A & Burgess, S 2005, ‘Neighbourhood social capital and neighbourhood effects’. Environment and Planning A, vol 37 (8)., pp. 1143 - 1459
  63. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Wilson, D 2005, ‘Will More Choice Improve Outcomes in Education and Health Care? The Evidence from Economic Research’. CMPO Report, University of Bristol
  64. Damiani, M, Propper, C & Dixon, J 2005, ‘Mapping Choice in the NHS: Analysis of Routine Data’. British Medical Journal, vol 330., pp. 284 - 287
  65. Gregg, P, Propper, C, Washbrook, E, Burgess, S & Meadows, S 2005, ‘Up To 7. Understanding the Impact of Poverty on Children of the 90s’. DfES
  66. Burgess, S, Scholder, SvHK, Propper, C, Ratto, M & Tominey, E 2005, ‘Evaluation of the Introduction of the Makinson Incentive Scheme in HM Customs and Excise’. HM Customs and Excise
  67. Propper, C, Burgess, S & Green, K 2004, ‘Does competition between hospitals improve the quality of care? Hospital death rates and the NHS internal market’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 88 (7-8)., pp. 1247 - 1272
  68. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Sarker, R, Propper, C, Burgess, S & Bolster, A 2004, ‘Party support and the neighbourhood effect: spatial polarisation of the British electorate, 1991-2001’. Political Geography, vol 23., pp. 367 - 502
  69. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M & Tominey, E 2004, ‘Evaluation of the Introduction of the Makinson Incentive Scheme in Child Support Agency’. Child Support Agency
  70. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Burgess, S, Propper, C, Sarker, R & Bolster, A 2004, ‘Scale, Factor analyses and neighbourhood effects’. Geographical analysis, vol 36(4)., pp. 350 - 368
  71. Atkinson, A, Burgess, S, Croxson, B, Gregg, P, Propper, C, Slater, H & Wilson, D 2004, ‘Evaluating the Impact of Performance-related Pay for Teachers in England’.
  72. Wilson, D, McConnell, B, Burgess, S & Propper, C 2004, ‘Girls Rock, Boys Roll: An Analysis of the Age 14-16 Gender Gap in English Schools’. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, vol 51., pp. 209 - 229
  73. Propper, C, Burgess, S, Rees, H & Shearer, A 2003, ‘The Class of '81: The Effects of Early Career Unemployment Experiences’. Journal of Labour Economics, vol Volume 10, no. 3., pp. 291 - 311
  74. Propper, C & Wilson, D 2003, ‘The Use and Usefulness of Performance Measures’. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, vol Volume 19, no. 2., pp. 250 - 267
  75. Dickson, M, Burgess, S & Propper, C 2003, ‘The Analysis of Poverty Data with Endogenous Transitions, Bristol Economics Discussion Paper, 03/543’.
  76. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Gossage, D 2003, ‘Competition and Quality: Evidence from the NHS Internal Market 1991-1999, CMPO Working Paper, 03/077’.
  77. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M & Tominey, E 2003, ‘Evaluation of the Introduction of the Makinson Incentive Scheme in Jobcentre Plus’. Jobcentre Plus
  78. Tominey, E, Burgess, S, Propper, C & Ratto, M 2003, ‘Incentives in the Public Sector: Some Preliminary Evidence from a UK Government Agency, CMPO Working Paper 03/080’.
  79. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Aassve, A 2003, ‘The Role of Income in Marriage and Divorce Transitions Among Young Americans’. Journal of Population Economics, vol 16(3)., pp. 455 - 475
  80. Burgess, S & Propper, C 2002, ‘The Dynamics of Poverty in Britain’. in: J Hills, J Le Grand, D Piachaud (eds) Understanding Social Exclusion. Oxford University Press
  81. Aassve, A, Burgess, S, Chesher, A & Propper, C 2002, ‘Transitions from home to marriage of young Americans’. Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol 17 (1)., pp. 1 - 23
  82. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Wilson, D 2002, ‘Does Performance Monitoring Work? A Review of the Evidence from the UK Public Sector, Excluding Health Care’. Commission for Health Improvement
  83. Wilson, D, Burgess, S & Propper, C 2002, ‘Does Performance Monitoring Work? A Review of the Evidence from the UK Public Sector, Excluding Health Care, CMPO Working Paper, 02/049’.
  84. Ratto, M, Burgess, S & Propper, C 2002, ‘Using Financial Incentives to Promote Teamwork in Health Care’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol 7(2)., pp. 89 - 70
  85. Propper, C, Croxson, B & Shearer, A 2002, ‘Waiting times for hospital admissions: the impact of GP fundholding’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 21 (2)., pp. 227 - 252
  86. Croxson, B, Propper, C & Perkins, A 2001, ‘Do doctors respond to financial incentives? UK family doctors and the GP fundholder scheme’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 79 (2)., pp. 375 - 398
  87. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M, Jewitt, I & Croxson, B 2001, ‘Team-Based Incentives in the NHS: An Economic Analysis, CMPO Working Paper 01/037’.
  88. Propper, C 2001, ‘Expenditure on health care in the UK: A Review’. Fiscal Studies, vol 22(2)., pp. 151 - 184
  89. Propper, C, Rees, H & Green, K 2001, ‘The Demand for Private Medical Insurance in the UK: A Cohort Analysis’. The Economic Journal, vol 111 (471)., pp. 180 - 200
  90. Propper, C & Green, K 2001, ‘A Larger Role for the Private Sector in Financing UK Health Care: The Arguments and the Evidence’. Journal of Social Policy, vol 30., pp. 685 - 704
  91. Propper, C 2000, ‘The Demand for Private Health Care in the UK’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 19., pp. 855 - 876
  92. Propper, C 2000, ‘Waiting Lists and Medical Treatment’. in: J Newhouse, A Culyer (eds) Handbook of Health Economics. Elsevier, pp. 1203 - 1249
  93. Propper, C & Wagstaff, A 1999, ‘Equity in the Finance of Health Care: some further international comparisons’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 18., pp. 263 - 290
  94. Propper, C & Wagstaff, A 1999, ‘The Redistributive Effect of Health Care Finance in Twelve OECD Countries’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 18., pp. 291 - 314
  95. Propper, C, Burchardt, T & Hill, J 1999, ‘Private Welfare and Publicy Policy’. Joseph Rowntree Foundation
  96. Propper, C & Wagstaff, A 1999, ‘The redistributive Effect, Progressivity and Differential Tax Treatment: Personal Income Taxes in 12 OECD Countries’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 72(1)., pp. 73 - 98
  97. Burgess, S & Propper, C 1999, ‘Poverty in Britian’. in: P Gregg, J Wadsorth (eds) The State of Working Britian. Manchester University Press
  98. Propper, C & Burchardt, T 1999, ‘Does the UK have a Private Welfae Class?’. Journal of Social Policy, vol 28(4)., pp. 643 - 665
  99. Rees, H, Burgess, S, Propper, C & Shearer, A 1999, ‘The Class of '81: The Effects of Early Career Unemployment on Subsequent Unemployment Experiences’. CMPO Working Paper, vol 99/011.
  100. Burgess, S & Propper, C 1998, ‘Early health related behaviours and their impact on later life chances: evidence from the US’. Health Economics, vol 7., pp. 381 - 399

Full publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

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