Professor Carol Propper

Professor Carol Propper

Professor Carol Propper
Research Fellow

The Priory Road Complex, Priory Road, Clifton
BS8 1TU
(See a map)

carol.propper@bristol.ac.uk

Department of Economics

Research

Carol Propper's research interests cover public economics and the economics of health care. Current research projects include the impact of competition and pseudo-competition on quality and productivity in health care, the impact of management on health care output and the effect of networks, cooperation and competition on the diffusion of innovation in cancer treatment. She is Professor of Economics at Imperial College Business School and Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research.

Fields of interest

Public Economics, The Economics of Health Care




Latest publications

  1. Gaynor, M, Propper, C & Seiler, S, 2016, ‘Free to Choose?: Reform, Choice and Consideration Sets in the English National Health Service’. American Economic Review, vol 106., pp. 3521-3557
  2. Janke, KM, Propper, C & Shields, MA, 2016, ‘Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 47., pp. 34-49
  3. Scholder, SVHK, Smith, GD, Lawlor, DA, Propper, C & Windmeijer, F, 2015, ‘Genetic markers as instrumental variables’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 45., pp. 131-148
  4. Britton, JW & Propper, C, 2015, ‘Teacher pay and school productivity: Exploiting wage regulation’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 133., pp. 75-89
  5. Sayal, K, Washbrook, EV & Propper, C, 2015, ‘Childhood behavior problems and academic outcomes in adolescence: Longitudinal population-based study’. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol 54., pp. 360-368.e2
  6. Feng, Y, Pistollato, M, Charlesworth, A, Devlin, N, Propper, C & Sussex, J, 2015, ‘Association between market concentration of hospitals and patient health gain following hip replacement surgery’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol 20., pp. 11-17
  7. Bloom, N, Propper, C, Seiler, S & Van Reenen, J, 2015, ‘"The Impact of Competition on Management Quality: Evidence from Public Hospitals".’. Review of Economic Studies, vol 82.
  8. Washbrook, E, Gregg, P & Propper, C, 2014, ‘A decomposition analysis of the relationship between parental income and multiple child outcomes’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), vol 177., pp. 757-782
  9. Farrell, L, Hollingsworth, B, Propper, C & Shields, MA, 2014, ‘The socioeconomic gradient in physical inactivity: Evidence from one million adults in England’. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium in Medical Geography, vol 123., pp. 55-63
  10. Santos, R, Gravelle, H & Propper, C, 2014, ‘Does Quality Affect Patients' Choice of Doctor?: Evidence from England’. Economic Journal.
  11. Johnston, DW, Propper, C, Pudney, SE & Shields, MA, 2014, ‘The income gradient in childhood mental health: All in the eye of the beholder?’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), vol 177., pp. 807-827
  12. Johnston, D, Propper, C, Pudney, S & Shields, M, 2014, ‘Child mental health and educational attainment: Multiple observers and the measurement error problem’. Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol 29., pp. 880-900
  13. Farrell, L, Hollingsworth, B, Propper, C & Shields, MA, 2014, ‘The socioeconomic gradient in physical inactivity: Evidence from one million adults in England’. Social science & medicine (1982), vol 123C., pp. 55-63
  14. Gaynor, M, Moreno-Serra, R & Propper, C, 2013, ‘Death by Market Power: Reform, Competition, and Patient Outcomes in the National Health Service’. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, vol 5., pp. 134-166
  15. Howe, LD, Lawlor, DA & Propper, C, 2013, ‘Trajectories of socioeconomic inequalities in health, behaviours and academic achievement across childhood and adolescence’. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol 67., pp. 358-364
  16. Washbrook, EV, Propper, C & Sayal, KS, 2013, ‘Pre-school hyperactivity/attention problems and educational outcomes in adolescence: Prospective longitudinal study’. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, vol 203., pp. 265-271
  17. Scholder, SMLvHK, Smith, GD, Lawlor, DA, Propper, C & Windmeijer, F, 2013, ‘Child height, health and human capital: Evidence using genetic markers’. European Economic Review, vol 57., pp. 1-22
  18. Washbrook, EV, Gregg, PA & Propper, C, 2013, ‘A decomposition analysis of the relationship between parental income and multiple child outcomes: Update of WP 08/193’. Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol
  19. Propper, C & Venables, M-A, 2013, ‘An assessment of Labours record on health and healthcare’. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, vol 29., pp. 203-226
  20. Propper, C, 2013, ‘Competition, incentives and the english NHS’. CESifo DICE Report, vol 11., pp. 16-20
  21. McCormack, J, Propper, C & Smith, SL, 2013, ‘Herding cats? Management and university performance’. The Economic Journal, vol 124., pp. F534-F564
  22. Gaynor, M, Moreno-Serra, R & Propper, C, 2012, ‘Can competition improve outcomes in UK health care? Lessons from the past two decades’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol 17., pp. 49-54
  23. Propper, C, 2012, ‘Competition, incentives and the English NHS’. Health Economics, vol 21., pp. 33-40
  24. Nicholson, S & Propper, C, 2012, ‘Medical Workforce’. in: MV Pauly, TG McGuire, PP Barros (eds) Handbook of Health Economics. Elsevier, pp. 873 - 925
  25. Scholder, SvHK, Smith, GD, Lawlor, DA, Propper, C & Windmeijer, F, 2012, ‘The effect of fat mass on educational attainment: Examining the sensitivity to different identification strategies’. Economics and Human Biology.
  26. Gaynor, M, Laudicella, M & Propper, C, 2012, ‘Can governments do it better? Merger mania and hospital outcomes in the English NHS’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 31., pp. 528-543
  27. Propper, C & Leckie, G, 2012, ‘Increasing Competition Between Providers in Health Care Markets: The Economic Evidence’. in: The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics. Oxford University Press, Oxford
  28. Wilson, DJ & Propper, C, 2012, ‘The use of performance measures in health care systems’. in: The Elgar Companion to Health Economics, 2nd edition. Aldershot: Edward Elgar
  29. Gaynor, M, Propper, C & Seiler, S, 2012, ‘Free to Choose? Reform and Demand Response in the English National Health Service’. NBER
  30. Bloom, N, Propper, C, Seiler, S & Van Reenen, J, 2012, ‘The Impact of Competition on Management Quality: Evidence from Public Hospitals’. NBER, pp. 2-39
  31. Scholder, S, Smith, GD, Lawlor, DA, Propper, C & Windmeijer, F, 2011, ‘Mendelian randomization: the use of genes in instrumental variable analyses’. Health Economics, vol 20., pp. 893-896
  32. Bloom, N, Cooper, Z, Gaynor, M, Gibbons, S, Jones, S, McGuire, A, Moreno-Serra, R, Propper, C, Van Reenen, J & Seiler, S, 2011, ‘In defence of our research on competition in England's National Health Service’. Lancet, vol 378., pp. 2064-5; author reply 2065-6
  33. Gaynor, M, Moreno-Serra, R & Propper, C, 2011, ‘Competition could substantially benefit healthcare’. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), vol 343., pp. d4727
  34. Propper, C & Jennifer, D, 2011, ‘The Impact of Competition between hospitals’. in: Anna Dixon, Nick Mays (eds) Understanding New Labour's Market Reforms of the English NHS. The King's Fund
  35. Propper, C & Van Reenen, J, 2010, ‘Can Pay Regulation Kill? Panel Data Evidence on the Effects of Labor Markets on Hospital Performance’. Journal of Political Economy, vol 118., pp. 222 - 273
  36. Propper, C, Sutton, M, Whitnall, C & Windmeijer, F, 2010, ‘Incentives and Targets in Hospital Care: Evidence from a Natural Experiment’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 94., pp. 318 - 335
  37. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M, Scholder, SvHK & Tominey, E, 2010, ‘Smarter Task Assignment or Greater Effort: The Impact of Incentives on Team Performance’. Economic Journal, vol 120 ., pp. 968 - 989
  38. Gaynor, M, Morena-Serra, R & Propper, C, 2010, ‘Death by Market Power Reform, Competition and Patient Outcomes in the National Health Service’. University of Bristol, CMPO, pp. 1-57
  39. Propper, C & Wilson, D, 2010, ‘Competition and choice: the place of markets in connecting information and performance improvement’. in: K Walshe, G Harvey, P Jas (eds) Connecting Knowledge and Performance in Public Services: From Knowing to Doing. Cambridge University Press
  40. Johnston, DW, Propper, C & Shields, MA, 2009, ‘Comparing subjective and objective measures of health: Evidence from hypertension for the income/health gradient’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 28., pp. 540 - 552
  41. Janke, K, Propper, C & Henderson, J, 2009, ‘Do current levels of air pollution kill? The impact of air pollution on population mortality in England’. Health Economics, vol 18., pp. 1031 - 1055
  42. Atkinson, A, Burgess, S, Croxson, B, Gregg, P, Propper, C, Slater, H & Wilson, D, 2009, ‘Evaluating the impact of performance-related pay for teachers in England’. Labour Economics, vol 16., pp. 251 - 261
  43. Propper, C, Burgess, S & Gossage, D, 2008, ‘Competition and Quality: Evidence from the NHS Internal Market 1991-1999’. Economic Journal, vol 118 (525)., pp. 138 - 170
  44. Gregg, PA, Propper, C & Washbrook, EV, 2008, ‘Understanding the Relationship between Parental Income and Multiple Child Outcomes: a decomposition analysis’. Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol
  45. Monstad, K, Propper, C & Salvanes, K, 2008, ‘Education and Fertility: Evidence from a Natural Experiment’. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, vol 110(4)., pp. 827 - 852
  46. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Wilson, D & Johnson, D, 2008, ‘The transition of pupils from primary to secondary school in England’. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 33., pp. 388 - 403
  47. Burgess, S, Gregg, P, Propper, C & Washbrook, E, 2008, ‘Maternity rights and mothers' return to work’. Labour Economics, vol 15., pp. 168 - 201
  48. Halonen-Akatwijuka, M & Propper, C, 2008, ‘Competition and decentralisation in government bureaucracies’. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, vol 67., pp. 903 - 916
  49. Propper, C, Windmeijer, F, Whitnall, C & Sutton, M, 2008, ‘Did targets and terror reduce waiting times for hospital care in England’. The BE Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.
  50. Atkinson, A, Burgess, S, Gregg, P, Propper, C & Proud, S, 2008, ‘The Impact of Classroom Peer Groups on Pupil GCSE Results’. University of Bristol
  51. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Knies, G, 2008, ‘Keeping up with the Schmidt's - An Empirical Test of Relative Deprivation Theory in the Neighbourhood Context’. Journal of Applied Social Science Studies, vol 128 (1)., pp. 75 - 108
  52. Propper, C, Rigg, J & Burgess, S, 2007, ‘Child health: evidence on the roles of family income and maternal mental health from a UK birth cohort’. Health Economics, vol 16 (11)., pp. 1245 - 1269
  53. Propper, C, Burgess, S, Bolster, A, Leckie, G, Jones, K & Johnston, R, 2007, ‘The impact of neighbourhood on the income and mental health of British social renters’. Urban Studies, vol 44 (2)., pp. 393 - 415
  54. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Wilson, D, 2007, ‘The Impact of School Choice in England: Implications from the economic evidence’. Policy Studies, vol 28 (2)., pp. 129 - 143
  55. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Propper, C & Burgess, S, 2007, ‘Region, Local Context, and Voting at the 1997 General Election in England’. American Journal of Political Science, vol 51 (3)., pp. 640 - 654
  56. Bolster, A, Burgess, S, Johnston, R, Jones, K, Propper, C & Sarker, R, 2007, ‘Neighbourhoods, households and income dynamics: a semi-parametric investigagion of neighbourhood effects’. Journal of Economic Geography, vol 7 (1)., pp. 1 - 38
  57. Propper, C, Damiani, M, Leckie, G & Dixon, J, 2007, ‘Impact of patients' socioeconomic status on the distance travelled for hospital admission in the English National Health Service’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol 12 (3)., pp. 153 - 159
  58. Burgess, S, McConnell, B, Propper, C & Wilson, D, 2007, ‘The Impact of School Choice on Sorting by Ability and Socioeconomic Factors in English Secondary Education’. in: L Woessmann, PE Peterson (eds) Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem. MIT Press, pp. 273 - 292
  59. Aassve, A, Burgess, S, Propper, C & Dickson, M, 2006, ‘Employment, family union and childbearing decisions in Great Britain’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A, Statistics in Society, vol 169 (4)., pp. 781 - 804
  60. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Gardiner, K, 2006, ‘School, Family and County Effects on Adolescents' Later Life Chances’. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, vol 27(2)., pp. 155 - 184
  61. Propper, C, Wilson, D & Burgess, S, 2006, ‘Extending Choice in English Health Care: The Implications of the Economic Evidence’. Journal of Social Policy, vol 35 (4)., pp. 537 - 557
  62. Propper, C, Burgess, SM, Bolster, AA, Leckie, G, Jones, K & Johnston, R, 2006, ‘The impact of neighbourhood on the income and mental health of British social renters’., pp. 1-37
  63. Propper, C, Damiani, M, Leckie, G & Dixon, J, 2006, ‘Distance travelled in the NHS in England for inpatient treatment’., pp. 1-17
  64. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Dickson, M, 2006, ‘The Analysis of Poverty Data with Endogenous Transitions’. Fiscal Studies, vol 27(1)., pp. 75 - 98
  65. Propper, C & Wilson, D, 2006, ‘The Use of Performance Measures in Health Care Systems’. in: AM Jones (eds) The Elgar Companion to Health Economics. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 326 - 334
  66. Propper, C, Jones, K, Bolster, A, Burgess, S, Johnston, R & Sarker, R, 2005, ‘Local neighbourhood and mental health: Evidence from the UK’. Social Science and Medicine, vol 61 (10)., pp. 2065 - 2083
  67. Gregg, P, Washbrook, E, Propper, C & Burgess, S, 2005, ‘The Effects of a Mother's Return to Work Decision on Child Development in the UK’. Economic Journal, vol 115 (501)., pp. F48 - F80
  68. Johnston, R, Propper, C, Sarker, R, Jones, K, Bolster, A & Burgess, S, 2005, ‘Neighbourhood social capital and neighbourhood effects’. Environment and Planning A, vol 37 (8)., pp. 1143 - 1459
  69. Johnston, R, Propper, C, Burgess, S, Sarker, R, Bolster, A & Jones, K, 2005, ‘Spatial Scale and the Neighbourhood Effect: Multinomial Models of Voting at Two Recent British General Elections’. British Journal of Political Science, vol 35 (3)., pp. 487 - 514
  70. Burgess, S, Scholder, SvHK, Propper, C, Ratto, M & Tominey, E, 2005, ‘Evaluation of the Introduction of the Makinson Incentive Scheme in HM Customs and Excise’. HM Customs and Excise
  71. Johnston, R, Sarker, R, Jones, K, Bolster, A, Propper, C & Burgess, S, 2005, ‘Egocentric economic voting and changes in party choice: Great Britain, 1992-2001’. Journal of Elections, Political Opinion and Parties, vol 1., pp. 129 - 144
  72. Gregg, P, Propper, C, Washbrook, E, Burgess, S & Meadows, S, 2005, ‘Up To 7. Understanding the Impact of Poverty on Children of the 90s’. DfES
  73. Damiani, M, Propper, C & Dixon, J, 2005, ‘Mapping Choice in the NHS: Analysis of Routine Data’. British Medical Journal, vol 330., pp. 284 - 287
  74. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Wilson, D, 2005, ‘Will More Choice Improve Outcomes in Education and Health Care? The Evidence from Economic Research’. CMPO Report, University of Bristol
  75. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Propper, C, Sarker, R, Burgess, S & Bolster, A, 2005, ‘A missing level in the analysis of British voting behaviour: the household as context as shown by analyses of a 1992-1997 longitudinal survey’. Electoral Studies, vol 24., pp. 201 - 225
  76. Propper, C, Burgess, S & Green, K, 2004, ‘Does competition between hospitals improve the quality of care? Hospital death rates and the NHS internal market’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 88 (7-8)., pp. 1247 - 1272
  77. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Sarker, R, Propper, C, Burgess, S & Bolster, A, 2004, ‘Party support and the neighbourhood effect: spatial polarisation of the British electorate, 1991-2001’. Political Geography, vol 23., pp. 367 - 502
  78. Wilson, D, McConnell, B, Burgess, S & Propper, C, 2004, ‘Girls Rock, Boys Roll: An Analysis of the Age 14-16 Gender Gap in English Schools’. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, vol 51., pp. 209 - 229
  79. Atkinson, A, Burgess, S, Croxson, B, Gregg, P, Propper, C, Slater, H & Wilson, D, 2004, ‘Evaluating the Impact of Performance-related Pay for Teachers in England’.
  80. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M & Tominey, E, 2004, ‘Evaluation of the Introduction of the Makinson Incentive Scheme in Child Support Agency’. Child Support Agency
  81. Johnston, R, Jones, K, Burgess, S, Propper, C, Sarker, R & Bolster, A, 2004, ‘Scale, Factor analyses and neighbourhood effects’. Geographical analysis, vol 36(4)., pp. 350 - 368
  82. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Aassve, A, 2003, ‘The Role of Income in Marriage and Divorce Transitions Among Young Americans’. Journal of Population Economics, vol 16(3)., pp. 455 - 475
  83. Propper, C & Wilson, D, 2003, ‘The Use and Usefulness of Performance Measures’. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, vol Volume 19, no. 2., pp. 250 - 267
  84. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M & Tominey, E, 2003, ‘Evaluation of the Introduction of the Makinson Incentive Scheme in Jobcentre Plus’. Jobcentre Plus
  85. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Gossage, D, 2003, ‘Competition and Quality: Evidence from the NHS Internal Market 1991-1999, CMPO Working Paper, 03/077’.
  86. Tominey, E, Burgess, S, Propper, C & Ratto, M, 2003, ‘Incentives in the Public Sector: Some Preliminary Evidence from a UK Government Agency, CMPO Working Paper 03/080’.
  87. Dickson, M, Burgess, S & Propper, C, 2003, ‘The Analysis of Poverty Data with Endogenous Transitions, Bristol Economics Discussion Paper, 03/543’.
  88. Propper, C, Burgess, S, Rees, H & Shearer, A, 2003, ‘The Class of '81: The Effects of Early Career Unemployment Experiences’. Journal of Labour Economics, vol Volume 10, no. 3., pp. 291 - 311
  89. Aassve, A, Burgess, S, Chesher, A & Propper, C, 2002, ‘Transitions from home to marriage of young Americans’. Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol 17 (1)., pp. 1 - 23
  90. Propper, C, Croxson, B & Shearer, A, 2002, ‘Waiting times for hospital admissions: the impact of GP fundholding’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 21 (2)., pp. 227 - 252
  91. Ratto, M, Burgess, S & Propper, C, 2002, ‘Using Financial Incentives to Promote Teamwork in Health Care’. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, vol 7(2)., pp. 89 - 70
  92. Wilson, D, Burgess, S & Propper, C, 2002, ‘Does Performance Monitoring Work? A Review of the Evidence from the UK Public Sector, Excluding Health Care, CMPO Working Paper, 02/049’.
  93. Burgess, S & Propper, C, 2002, ‘The Dynamics of Poverty in Britain’. in: J Hills, J Le Grand, D Piachaud (eds) Understanding Social Exclusion. Oxford University Press
  94. Burgess, S, Propper, C & Wilson, D, 2002, ‘Does Performance Monitoring Work? A Review of the Evidence from the UK Public Sector, Excluding Health Care’. Commission for Health Improvement
  95. Burgess, S, Propper, C, Ratto, M, Jewitt, I & Croxson, B, 2001, ‘Team-Based Incentives in the NHS: An Economic Analysis, CMPO Working Paper 01/037’.
  96. Croxson, B, Propper, C & Perkins, A, 2001, ‘Do doctors respond to financial incentives? UK family doctors and the GP fundholder scheme’. Journal of Public Economics, vol 79 (2)., pp. 375 - 398
  97. Propper, C, 2001, ‘Expenditure on health care in the UK: A Review’. Fiscal Studies, vol 22(2)., pp. 151 - 184
  98. Propper, C, Rees, H & Green, K, 2001, ‘The Demand for Private Medical Insurance in the UK: A Cohort Analysis’. The Economic Journal, vol 111 (471)., pp. 180 - 200
  99. Propper, C & Green, K, 2001, ‘A Larger Role for the Private Sector in Financing UK Health Care: The Arguments and the Evidence’. Journal of Social Policy, vol 30., pp. 685 - 704
  100. Propper, C, 2000, ‘The Demand for Private Health Care in the UK’. Journal of Health Economics, vol 19., pp. 855 - 876

Full publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

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