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Publication - Mr Chris Pawsey

    Impact of prostate cancer testing: an evaluation of the emotional consequences of a negative biopsy result

    Citation

    Macefield, R, Metcalfe, C, Lane, J, Donovan, J, Avery, K, Blazeby, J, Down, L, Neal, D, Hamdy, F & Vedhara, K, 2010, ‘Impact of prostate cancer testing: an evaluation of the emotional consequences of a negative biopsy result’. British Journal of Cancer, vol 102., pp. 1335 - 1340

    Abstract

    Background: When testing for prostate cancer, as many as 75% of men with a raised prostate-specific antigen (PSA) have a benign biopsy result. Little is known about the psychological effect of this result for these men.

    Methods: In all, 330 men participating in the prostate testing for cancer and treatment (ProtecT) study were studied; aged 50–69 years with a PSA level of 3 ng ml−1 and a negative biopsy result. Distress and negative mood were measured at four time-points: two during diagnostic testing and two after a negative biopsy result.

    Results: The majority of men were not greatly affected by testing or a negative biopsy result. The impact on psychological health was highest at the time of the biopsy, with around 20% reporting high distress (33 out of 171) and tense/anxious moods (35 out of 180). Longitudinal analysis on 195 men showed a significant increase in distress at the time of the biopsy compared with levels at the PSA test (difference in Impact of Events Scale (IES) score: 9.47; 95% confidence interval (CI) (6.97, 12.12); P

    Full details in the University publications repository