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Dr Tamar Hodos

Archaeology of the Mediterranean Iron Age

I am a specialist in the archaeology of the Mediterranean's Iron Age, a period that extends between c.1200-c.600 BCE, with particular interest in the impact of colonisation, and the construction and expression of social identities. I use postcolonial and globalisation theories to examine the interactions and influences between the various communities and cultures of the Mediterranean during this period of unprecedented connectivity. Unusually, my research spans the traditional disciplines of Near Eastern and Classical Archaeology.

I am currently collaborating with the British Museum on a project that explores the role of luxury objects as expressions of status, power and authority in the first millennium BCE wider Mediterranean. The project seeks to understand the creation, circulation, use and purpose of luxury objects within a cross-cultural framework that examines how luxuries transcend cultural differences in Iron Age societies; an early example of globalisation. Project activities include a major, international touring exhibition of British Museum objects from the East Mediterranean and the Middle East, that demonstrate the definition, circulation and appreciation of luxuries in the first millennium BCE; and a series of scientific analyses to examine the trade in luxury decorated ostrich eggs, their provenance and techniques of manufacture. Publication outcomes of the project range from an exhibition catalogue to a series of journal articles.   

I am also an expert in the archaeology of Turkey, especially of the first millennium BCE. Until 2012, I co-directed the Çaltılar Archaeological Project, a collaboration between Bristol, Liverpool and Uludağ (Turkey) Universities. This project, based in the south-western Turkish region of Lycia, examined the role this area played with the Aegean, Greek and wider Mediterranean worlds during the Bronze and Iron Ages, contextualising the region's subsequent development during the Graeco-Roman period, for which it is most famous. Our intensive survey results demonstrate that this area was remarkably well connected with Anatolia and the Aegean from at least the Early Bronze Age, but especially during the first half of the first millennium BCE. In addition, we discovered evidence of what may be a hither-to unknown sanctuary of likely seventh-sixth centuries BCE date.

Research keywords

  • Mediterranean
  • Iron Age
  • colonisation
  • globalisation
  • identities
  • Greek
  • Greeks
  • Phoenician
  • Phoenicians
  • Sicily
  • Turkey
  • Anatolia
  • North Africa