My research focuses on historical archaeology, historical landscapes, maritime landscapes, long distance trade and social responses, early spread of Islam and Christianity, archaeology and the media.
I have undertaken archaeological research and directed excavations in East Africa (Kenya and Tanzania), Egypt, mainland Central America (Panama, Honduras, Belize), island Caribbean (St Kitts, St Lucia, Cayman Islands), Bermuda, Sri Lanka, as well as England, (mostly Shropshire, Gloucestershire, Somerset), Isle of Man, Ireland, and France.
East African coastal societies
Swahili towns, early Islam, long distance Indian Ocean trade, and maritime archaeology. Excavations include Shanga (1980-86) several sites on Zanzibar and Pemba (1984, 1988-94). Publications include The Swahili: the social landscape of a mercantile society (with J. Middleton) (Oxford: Blackwell 2001) and Shanga: The Archaeology of a Muslim Trading Community on the Coast of East Africa (British Institute in Eastern Africa 1996). Monograph on the Archaeology of Zanzibar and Pemba (in preparation).
Caribbean historical archaeology
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