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Dr Caroline Tee

Dr Caroline Tee

Dr Caroline Tee
BA Hons (Dunelm), MA(Exon), PhD(Bristol)

Research Associate

Area of research

Social Anthropology of Islam

Office 2N13
43 Woodland Road,
Clifton, Bristol BS8 1UU
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+44 (0) 117 331 7073


I am an honorary Research Associate in the department of Archaeology and Anthropology. Since 2015 I have been based full-time at the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, University of Cambridge. Between 2013-2015 I was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Bristol working with Dr. David Shankland on a project entitled 'Cultural Contingency in the Science and Islam Debate: the case of the Gülen Movement in Turkey', funded by The John Templeton Foundation.

The project addressed the influence of social, cultural and political factors on the development of a major discourse concerning science and religion in Islam. It studied the Gülen Movement, one of the most prominent socio-religious movements in the contemporary Muslim world. It explored the distinctively pro-active engagement with modern science in Gülenist thought (particularly through the doctrine of i'jaz, the 'scientific miracle' of the Qur'an), and interpreted it according to the specifically Turkish cultural context of its emergence. As such, the project explored the relationship between the Gülen Movement's idiom of science and such local factors as Turkish and neo-Ottoman nationalism, secularism, economics and geo-politics.

The project studied five Gülen-inspired educational institutions (high schools and universities) in Turkey through regular periods of anthropological fieldwork over two years, using interviews, surveys and the practice of participant observation. It investigated approaches in learning and teaching to the philosophy as well as the application of science, understandings of religious (particularly, Qur'anic) and scientific authority, and evidence of critical engagement with science in those educational communities.

The project resulted in my monograph The Gülen Movement in Turkey: The Politics of Islam and Modernity (London: IB Tauris, 2016).






Anthropology of Islam (Undergraduate unit)


  • Islam
  • Turkey

Selected publications

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Recent publications

View complete publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

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