What kind of neuroscience do you do?
Decades ago, I fell into a pond full of mud and slime. It so happens that the offending pond is about 150 metres from my Bristol lab and, whenever I see it, I can immediately recall the traumatic scenes of my youth. How does my brain make this happen? How are the different facets of my experience – its location, sensory properties and emotional consequences – integrated into memory? Are the same neurons that were first activated when I hit the murky water still involved in storing and recalling that memory years later? How has the impact of this pond on my brain informed my behaviour ever since?
We study how neurons distributed across functionally specialised brain regions share information over the course of experience to guide decisions. Alongside tracking brain activity during behaviour, we are particularly interested in the roles of brain activity during sleep, which is central to fine-tuning and integrating memories (see Gardner et al. 2014 for a review in EJN and Sadowski et al. 2016 for a Cell Reports paper relating sleep to synaptic plasticity).
You can hear Matt talk about sleep here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QW2meB1rEaM and here http://www.thenakedscientists.com/HTML/interviews/interview/1001770/
Of course, we are ultimately interested in establishing how and why distributed information processing becomes impaired, including in anxiety, schizophrenia, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease and Down Syndrome. Ullrich explains some of our interests in schizophrenia here http://www.thenakedscientists.com/HTML/interviews/interview/1001769/
How do you do that?
We use a combination of rat or mouse models, human volunteers and patients.
In order to monitor brain activity directly and simultaneously from multiple brain regions in rodents, we implant arrays of recording electrodes (typically tetrodes or silicon probes) into brain regions that act as core nodes during processing of memory, decision-making and aversive or rewarding information: the hippocampus, prefrontal and parietal cortex, amygdala and nucleus accumbens.
Rodent models also allow us to use optogenetics to map or silence specific connections in these circuits, or to model genetic (see Jon’s 2015 Nature Neuroscience paper on Down Syndrome, summarised here http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2015/august/down-syndrome.html ) or neurodevelopmental disruption (see Keith and Ullrich’s 2012 Neuron paper, summarised here http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2012/8943.html ) associated with disease. Julia’s Advances in Genetics review explains how we might investigate mechanisms using rodent models (Heckenast et al. 2015).
We have recently started to use data recorded from rodent brains to help interpret human scalp EEG data recorded from healthy volunteers (recruited from http://www.bristol.ac.uk/alspac/ ) or patients (in collaboration with Dara Manoach at MGH and Marianne van den Bree at Cardiff University). Here’s an example of one study design: http://bmcmedgenet.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12881-015-0244-4
Who’s in the team?
We are a group of postdocs and graduate students (in roughly equal numbers) with a range of backgrounds spanning biochemistry, computer science, electrical engineering, maths, medicine, pharmacology and psychology. Almost all projects in the lab draw on local, national and international collaborations across all these disciplines – it’s the only way to join all the dots of modern neuroscience. We have enjoyed successful collaborations with a number of industrial partners over the years, in particular with the Lilly Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience. Here's Matt talking with the MRC about industrial collaboration: http://www.mrc.ac.uk/skills-careers/overview/case-studies-dr-matt-jones/
As an undergraduate, I went up to Cambridge to read Chemistry, bonded more strongly with Pharmacology and was ultimately only sated by Neuroscience. Prompted by an in vivo electrophysiological project during my final year, I then spent the three years of my Ph.D. investigating the neurophysiology and pharmacology of spinal nociceptive processing (with Max Headley).
Altered pain states piqued my interest in plasticity, so I next slithered up the CNS to the hippocampus, spending my first postdoctoral stint with Tim Bliss (co-winner of the 2016 Brain Prize - hooray!) in London, where I used in vivo field potential recordings and genetically altered mice to examine mechanisms and roles of synaptic plasticity. Having come to appreciate the power of electrophysiology in behaving animals, a Wellcome Trust International Prize Travelling Fellowship then flew me to MIT where I learned multi-neuron recording techniques from Matthew Wilson and transgenic trickery from Susumu Tonegawa (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1987).
I returned to Bristol to establish a lab as an RCUK Academic Fellow in 2006 and became a Medical Research Council (MRC) Senior Research Fellow in April 2011.
Final Year Brain & Behaviour lectures
Second Year Techniques in Neuroscience
MSc in Molecular Neuroscience
Director, M.Res. in Systems Neuroscience (2011-2013)
View complete publications list in the University of Bristol publications system
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