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Publication - Dr Anja Teschemacher

    Astrocytes modulate brainstem respiratory rhythm-generating circuits and determine exercise capacity

    Citation

    Sheikhbahaei, S, Turovsky, EA, Hosford, PS, Hadjihambi, A, Theparambil, SM, Liu, B, Marina, N, Teschemacher, AG, Kasparov, S, Smith, JC & Gourine, AV, 2018, ‘Astrocytes modulate brainstem respiratory rhythm-generating circuits and determine exercise capacity’. Nature Communications, vol 9.

    Abstract

    Astrocytes are implicated in modulation of neuronal excitability and synaptic function, but it remains unknown if these glial cells can directly control activities of motor circuits to influence complex behaviors in vivo. This study focused on the vital respiratory rhythm-generating circuits of the preBötzinger complex (preBötC) and determined how compromised function of local astrocytes affects breathing in conscious experimental animals (rats). Vesicular release mechanisms in astrocytes were disrupted by virally driven expression of either the dominant-negative SNARE protein or light chain of tetanus toxin. We show that blockade of vesicular release in preBötC astrocytes reduces the resting breathing rate and frequency of periodic sighs, decreases rhythm variability, impairs respiratory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia, and dramatically reduces the exercise capacity. These findings indicate that astrocytes modulate the activity of CNS circuits generating the respiratory rhythm, critically contribute to adaptive respiratory responses in conditions of increased metabolic demand and determine the exercise capacity.

    Full details in the University publications repository