Browse/search for people

Publication - Professor Tonia Novitz

    Freedom of association

    Its emergence and the case for prevention of its decline


    Novitz, T, 2019, ‘Freedom of association: Its emergence and the case for prevention of its decline ’. in: Janice Bellace, Beryl ter Haar (eds) Research Handbook on Labour, Business and Human Rights Law. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, pp. 231-252


    Freedom of association emerged initially as a right of ‘citizens’ in countries of the North. Gradually, the compass of people able to claim this entitlement was extended and had profound implications for the parameters of acceptable behaviour of business and employers. The grander endeavour to promote international human rights arguably entails universality of entitlement for every human being, going beyond a claim only for a citizen of a particular State. However, the apparent imperatives of global capitalism led to a neutering of this entitlement under international law, resulting in a diminution of its efficacy and content. The chapter closes by considering the corresponding effects in domestic labour markets, namely how nationalistic forms of discrimination and exclusion can now flourish to the detriment of workers and business.

    Full details in the University publications repository