Browse/search for people

Publication - Dr Jo House

    Amazonian forest-savanna bistability and human impact


    Wuyts, B, Champneys, A & House, J, 2017, ‘Amazonian forest-savanna bistability and human impact’. Nature Communications, vol 8.


    A bimodal distribution of tropical tree cover at intermediate precipitation levels has been presented as evidence of fire-induced bistability. Here we subdivide satellite vegetation data into those from human-unaffected areas and those from regions close to human-cultivated zones. Bimodality is found to be almost absent in the unaffected regions, whereas it is significantly enhanced close to cultivated zones. Assuming higher logging rates closer to cultivated zones and spatial diffusion of fire, our spatiotemporal mathematical model reproduces these patterns. Given a gradient of climatic and edaphic factors, rather than
    bistability there is a predictable spatial boundary, a Maxwell point, that separates regionswhere forest and savanna states are naturally selected. While bimodality can hence be explained by anthropogenic edge effects and natural spatial heterogeneity, a narrow range of bimodality remaining in the human-unaffected data indicates that there is still bistability, although on smaller scales than claimed previously.

    Full details in the University publications repository