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Professor Alexandre Anesio
Professor Alexandre Anesio
Professor of Biogeochemistry
BSc, MSc(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), PhD(Lund, Sweden)
Area of research
Biogeochemistry of the cryosphere
My research interests are broad, and I combine concepts from Geography, Biology and Chemistry to understand carbon cycle in the cryosphere. My research has concentrated in two broad areas. Firstly, I study microbes in the cryosphere. Against all expectations glaciers harbour a highly active microbial community. Bacteria, viruses and microscopic plants thrive in conditions that might be analogous to other planets and to early Earth. Second, I am also interested in a range of climate (e.g., UV radiation and acid rain) and human impacts (e.g., mining, sewage, pesticides) on freshwaters.
Alex is a Professor of Biogeochemistry in the Bristol Glaciology Centre at the University of Bristol. He gained his PhD in Limnology from Lund University, Sweden in 2000. His research combines molecular and biogeochemical approaches to determine microbial functionality and activity in the cryosphere. His previous research demonstrated that microbial activity at the surface of glaciers and ice sheets are responsible for significant carbon and nitrogen fixation with implications for biogeochemical cycles at local and global scales. He is one of the advocates that glaciers and ice sheets are one of the biomes of Earth. He is author in over 65 peer-reviewed papers and has previously secured funding as PI from NERC, The Royal Society, The Leverhulme Trust and The Nuffield Foundation. Recently, he is also the coordinator of an Innovative Training Network, which includes 13 beneficiaries and 15 PhD students (H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015) with funding from the EU for investigating microbial communities and processes in the Arctic.
- microbial life in extreme environments
aquatic microbial ecology
- Anesio, A & Laybourn-Parry, J, 2012, Glaciers and ice sheets as a biome. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol 27., pp. 219 - 225
- Anesio, A, Hodson, A, Fritz, A, Psenner, R & Sattler, B, 2009, High microbial activity on glaciers: importance to the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology, vol 15., pp. 955-960
- Yallop, ML, Anesio, AMB, Perkins, RG, Cook, J, Telling, JP, Fagan, DT, MacFarlane, JW, Stibal, M, Barker, GLA, Bellas, CM, Hodson, A, Tranter, M, Wadham, JL & Roberts, NW, 2012, Photophysiology and albedo-changing potential of the ice algal community on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet. ISME Journal, vol 6., pp. 2302?2313
- Bradley, J, Anesio, A, Heath, M, Singarayer, J & Arndt, S, 2015, SHIMMER (1.0): a novel mathematical model for microbial and biogeochemical dynamics in glacier forefield ecosystems. Geoscientific Model Development, vol 8., pp. 3441-3470
- Chrismas, NAM, Anesio, AMB & Sanchez-Baracaldo, P, 2015, Multiple adaptations to polar and alpine environments within cyanobacteria: a phylogenomic and Bayesian approach. Frontiers in Microbiology, vol 6.
- Bellas, CM, Anesio, AMB & Barker, GLA, 2015, Analysis of virus genomes from glacial environments reveals novel virus groups with unusual host interactions. Frontiers in Microbiology, vol 6.
- Lutz, S, Anesio, A, Vilar, SJ & Benning, L, 2014, Variations of algal communities cause darkening of a Greenland glacier. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol 89., pp. 402-414
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- Chrismas, N, Barker, G, Anesio, A & Sanchez-Baracaldo, P, 2016, Genomic mechanisms for cold tolerance and production of exopolysaccharides in the Arctic cyanobacterium Phormidesmis priestleyi BC1401. BMC Genomics.
- Rime, T, Hartmann, M, Stierli, B, Anesio, AMB & Frey, B, 2016, Assimilation of microbial and plant carbon by active prokaryotic and fungal populations in glacial forefields. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol 98., pp. 30-41
- Bradley, J, Arndt, S, Sabacka, M, Benning, L, Barker, G, Blacker, J, Yallop, M, Wright, K, Bellas, C, Telling, J, Tranter, M & Anesio, A, 2016, Microbial dynamics in a High-Arctic glacier forefield: a combined field, laboratory, and modelling approach. Biogeosciences Discussions.
Professor Anesio currently teaches 4 courses:
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