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Dr Nina Kazanina
Dr Nina Kazanina
Area of research
psychology of language, cognitive neuroscience of language, language learning, early sensory responses in healthy individuals and individuals with dementia
My primary area of research is psychology and cognitive neuroscience of language, spanning from sentence processing and speech perception to acquisition of syntax and meaning. My key interest is to explore degree to which the speaker's use of grammatical knowledge guides and expedites their real-time language processing. My research uses a combination of behavioral (reaction time studies, comprehension tasks with children) and electro- and magnetoecephalographic techniques (EEG and MEG) to elucidate processing mechanisms used by humans to ensure an effortless and effective language communication.
My research on speech perception, namely, investigation of early EEG responses from the auditory cortex, has straightforward applications for study and diagnosis of different neurological conditions. In 2007, in collaboration with Dr Andrea Tales (University of Swansea), I started research into early sensory processing in dementia. Our study, supported via a BBSRC-funded PhD studentship to George Stothart, investigates early EEG responses to audio, visual and audio-visual stimuli in patients Alzheimer's Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI).
I am a Senior Lecturer in Psychology of Language at the School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol. I moved to Bristol in 2007 from the University of Ottawa, were I had been an Assistant Professor at the Department of Linguistics.
- Bsc-level: Year 1 Biological Psychology, Y2 Developmental Psychology and Language
- Msc-level: Neuropsychology of language, Theoretical Neuropsychology
PHD students supervised
- George Stothart
- Jen Todd Jones
- Emily Darley
- sentence processing
- speech perception
- language development
- early audio-visual processing in healthy young and old individuals and in dementia
Language is constantly used by humans for sharing their needs and desires. People produce and comprehend linguistic utterances without any visible effort, yet objectively these are tasks of unprecedented computational complexity. Indeed, after more than 50 years of development the quality of machine translation and automatic speech recognition still does not compare with human performance levels.
I study how the ability to comprehend language is established in children, how an adult brain processes native language in real time and how new languages are learned and represented in the brain in adulthood. To explore these questions I use a combination of psychophysical techniques and brain imaging (in particular, electroencephalography or EEG).
first language acquisitionsecond or foreign language acquisitionspeech perceptionsentence processingneurolinguisticspsycholinguistics
- Bowers, JS, Kazanina, N & Andermane, N, 2015, Spoken word identification involves accessing position invariant phoneme representations. Journal of Memory and Language, vol 87., pp. 71-83
- Stothart, G, Kazanina, N, Näätänen, R, Haworth, J & Tales, A, 2015, Early visual evoked potentials and mismatch negativity in Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment. J Alzheimers Dis, vol 44., pp. 397-408
- Yoshida, M, Kazanina, N, Pablos, L & Sturt, P, 2014, On the origin of islands. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, vol 29., pp. 761-770
- Stothart, G, Tales, A, Hedge, C & Kazanina, N, 2014, Double peaked P1 visual evoked potentials in healthy ageing. Clinical Neurophysiology, vol 125., pp. 1471-1478
- Jones, JEET, Bowers, JS & Kazanina, N, 2014, Cascaded lexical processing to semantics in spoken embedded words.
- Qu, Q, Damian, MF & Kazanina, N, 2013, Reply to O’Seaghdha et al.: Primary phonological planning units in Chinese are phonemically specified. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 110., pp. E4
- Stothart, G & Kazanina, N, 2013, Oscillatory characteristics of the visual mismatch negativity: what evoked potentials aren't telling us. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, vol 7.
- Qu, Q, Damian, MF & Kazanina, N, 2012, Sound-sized segments are significant for Mandarin speakers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 109., pp. 14265-14270
- Stothart, G, Tales, A & Kazanina, N, 2012, Evoked potentials reveal age-related compensatory mechanisms in early visual processing. Neurobiology of Aging, vol 34., pp. 1302-1308
- Kazanina, N, 2011, De-composition of Pre-fixed Words in Russian. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition., pp. 1 - 20
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