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Professor Marcus Munafo
Professor Marcus Munafo
Professor of Biological Psychology
MA(Oxon), MSc, PhD(Soton)
Area of research
Genetic and cognitive influences on addictive behaviour
Professor Munafò’s research focuses on understanding pathways into, and the consequences of, health behaviours and mental health, with a particular focus on tobacco and alcohol use. This work incudes: 1) observational and genetic epidemiology, and the use of a range of methods that enable stronger causal inference from observational data, such as negative control and Mendelian randomization methods; 2) the laboratory study of cognitive and neurobiological mechanistic pathways that underpin exposure-outcome relationships; and 3) the development of novel individual- and population-level interventions that target these mechanisms, including choice architecture interventions. This work has informed ongoing policy debates, such as the introduction of standardised (“plain”) packaging for tobacco products. He also has interests in the role of incentive structures in science, and the extent to which these shape the robustness and reproducibility of scientific research.
- Professor of Biological Psychology, School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2010-present)
- Reader in Biological Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2007-2010)
- Lecturer, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2005-2007)
- Visiting Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania (2004-2005)
- Research Fellow, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Oxford (1999-2005)
Video of Professor Marcus Munafo.
Experimental Psychology B.Sc.
- Individual Differences, Year 2
- Transport Research Laboratory
- Servier Ltd
- World Health Organisation
Current PhD students
- Olivia Maynard: "Visual Search and Tobacco Packaging"
- Jennifer Ware: "Molecular Genetics of Nicotine Addiction" (University of Cardiff)
- Michael Anderson: "Translational Model of Depression"
- Kate Button: "Cognitive Processes in Social Anxiety"
- Suzi Gage: "Cannabis Use and Psychosis"
Current research is in the area of the genetic determinants of addictive behaviours, in particular alcohol and nicotine use, and in the role of human personality in explaining the association between genetic variation and addictive behaviours.
- Troy, D, Maynard, O, Hickman, M, Attwood, A & Munafo, M 2015, The Effect of Glass Shape on Alcohol Consumption in a Naturalistic Setting: A Feasibility Study. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, vol 1.
- Griffiths, S, Carrera, G, Derrett, N, Jarrold, C, Penton-Voak, I & Munafo, M 2015, Insights from special needs teaching staff on development of an iPad app to teach emotion recognition to children with autism spectrum disorder.
- Maynard, O, Skinner, A, Troy, D, Attwood, A & Munafo, M 2015, Association of Alcohol Consumption with Perception of Attractiveness in a Naturalistic Environment. Alcohol and Alcoholism.
- Maynard, OM, Leonards, U, Attwood, AS, Bauld, L, Hogarth, L & Munafò, MR 2015, Effects of first exposure to plain cigarette packaging on smoking behaviour and attitudes: a randomised controlled study. British Medical Council Public Health, vol 15.
- Taylor, AE, Davies, NM & Munafò, MR 2015, Smoking and diabetes: Strengthening causal inference. The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology, vol 3., pp. 395-396
- Morris, R, Taylor, A, Fluharty, M, Bjørngaard, JH, Åsvold, B, Gabrielsen, ME, Campbell, A, Marioni, RE, Kumari, M, Korhonen, T, Männistö, S, Marques-Vidal, P, Kaakinen, M, Cavadino, A, Postmus, I, Husemoen, LLN, Skaaby, T, Ahluwalia, T, Treur, JL, Willemsen, G, Dale, C, Wannamethee, SG, Lahti, J, Palotie, A, Räikkönen, K, McConnachie, A, Padmanabhan, S, Wong, A, Dalgård, C, Paternoster, L, Ben-Shlomo, Y, Tyrrell, J, Horwood, LJ, Fergusson, DM, Kennedy, MA, Nohr, EA, Christiansen, L, Kyvik, KO, Kuh, D, Watt, G, Eriksson, JG, Whincup, PH, Vink, JM, Boomsma, DI, Smith, GD, Lawlor, D, Linneberg, A, Ford, I, Jukema, JW, Power, C, Hyppönen, E, Jarvelin, M-R, Preisig, M, Borodulin, K, Kaprio, J, Kivimaki, M, Smith, BH, Hayward, C, Romundstad, PR, Sørensen, TIA, Munafo, M & Sattar, N 2015, Heavier smoking may lead to a relative increase in waist circumference: evidence for a causal relationship from a Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis. The CARTA consortium. BMJ Open, vol 5.
- Munafo, M & Attwood, A 2015, Navigating an open road. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.
- Ware, JJ & Munafò, MR 2015, Genetics of smoking behaviour. Current topics in behavioral neurosciences, vol 23., pp. 19-36
- Ware, JJ, Davies, NM & Munafò, MR 2015, Importance of national context in the translation of personalised treatments for smoking cessation. The Lancet. Respiratory medicine.
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