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Professor Marcus Munafo
Professor Marcus Munafo
Professor of Biological Psychology
MA(Oxon), MSc, PhD(Soton)
Area of research
Genetic and cognitive influences on addictive behaviour
Professor Munafò’s research focuses on understanding pathways into, and the consequences of, health behaviours and mental health, with a particular focus on tobacco and alcohol use. This work incudes: 1) observational and genetic epidemiology, and the use of a range of methods that enable stronger causal inference from observational data, such as negative control and Mendelian randomization methods; 2) the laboratory study of cognitive and neurobiological mechanistic pathways that underpin exposure-outcome relationships; and 3) the development of novel individual- and population-level interventions that target these mechanisms, including choice architecture interventions. This work has informed ongoing policy debates, such as the introduction of standardised (“plain”) packaging for tobacco products. He also has interests in the role of incentive structures in science, and the extent to which these shape the robustness and reproducibility of scientific research.
- Professor of Biological Psychology, School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2010-present)
- Reader in Biological Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2007-2010)
- Lecturer, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2005-2007)
- Visiting Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania (2004-2005)
- Research Fellow, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Oxford (1999-2005)
Video of Professor Marcus Munafo.
Experimental Psychology B.Sc.
- Individual Differences, Year 2
- Transport Research Laboratory
- Servier Ltd
- World Health Organisation
Current PhD students
- Olivia Maynard: "Visual Search and Tobacco Packaging"
- Jennifer Ware: "Molecular Genetics of Nicotine Addiction" (University of Cardiff)
- Michael Anderson: "Translational Model of Depression"
- Kate Button: "Cognitive Processes in Social Anxiety"
- Suzi Gage: "Cannabis Use and Psychosis"
Current research is in the area of the genetic determinants of addictive behaviours, in particular alcohol and nicotine use, and in the role of human personality in explaining the association between genetic variation and addictive behaviours.
- Vries, YAd, Roest, AM, Franzen, M, Munafò, MR & Bastiaansen, JA, 2017, Letter to the Editor: Moving science forward by increasing awareness of reporting and citation biases: a reply to Vrshek-Schallhorn et al. (2016). Psychological Medicine, vol 47., pp. 183-185
- Maynard, OM, Brooks, JCW, Munafò, MR & Leonards, U, 2017, Neural mechanisms underlying visual attention to healthwarnings on branded and plain cigarette packs. Addiction.
- Gage, SH, Jones, HJ, Taylor, AE, Burgess, S, Zammit, S & Munafò, MR, 2017, Investigating causality in associations between smoking initiation and schizophrenia using Mendelian randomization. Scientific Reports, vol 7.
- Skinner, A, Attwood, A, Baddeley, R, Evans-Reeves, K, Bauld, L & Munafo, M, 2017, Digital phenotyping and the development and delivery of health guidelines and behaviour change interventions. Addiction.
- Davies, N, Thomas, K, Taylor, A, Taylor, G, Martin, R, Munafo, M & Windmeijer, F, 2017, How to compare instrumental variable and conventional regression analyses using negative controls and bias plots. International Journal of Epidemiology.
- Nord, C, Forster, S, Halahakoon, D, Penton-Voak, I, Munafo, M & Roiser, JP, 2017, Prefrontal cortex stimulation does not affect emotional bias, but may slow emotion identification. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.
- Penton-Voak, I, Looi, CY & Munafo, M, 2017, Biased facial emotion perception in mental health disorders: a possible target for psychological intervention?. Current Directions in Psychological Science.
- Kennedy, E, Cohen, M & Munafò, M, 2017, Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury and the Associations With Risk Behavior in Adolescence and Young Adulthood: A Systematic Review. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.
- Poldrack, RA, Baker, CI, Durnez, J, Gorgolewski, KJ, Matthews, PM, Munafò, MR, Nichols, TE, Poline, JB, Vul, E & Yarkoni, T, 2017, Scanning the horizon: towards transparent and reproducible neuroimaging research. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, vol 18., pp. 115-126
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