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Professor Marcus Munafo
Professor Marcus Munafo
Professor of Biological Psychology
MA(Oxon), MSc, PhD(Soton)
Area of research
Genetic and cognitive influences on addictive behaviour
Professor Munafò’s research focuses on understanding pathways into, and the consequences of, health behaviours and mental health, with a particular focus on tobacco and alcohol use. This work incudes: 1) observational and genetic epidemiology, and the use of a range of methods that enable stronger causal inference from observational data, such as negative control and Mendelian randomization methods; 2) the laboratory study of cognitive and neurobiological mechanistic pathways that underpin exposure-outcome relationships; and 3) the development of novel individual- and population-level interventions that target these mechanisms, including choice architecture interventions. This work has informed ongoing policy debates, such as the introduction of standardised (“plain”) packaging for tobacco products. He also has interests in the role of incentive structures in science, and the extent to which these shape the robustness and reproducibility of scientific research.
- Professor of Biological Psychology, School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2010-present)
- Reader in Biological Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2007-2010)
- Lecturer, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol (2005-2007)
- Visiting Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania (2004-2005)
- Research Fellow, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Oxford (1999-2005)
Video of Professor Marcus Munafo.
Experimental Psychology B.Sc.
- Individual Differences, Year 2
- Transport Research Laboratory
- Servier Ltd
- World Health Organisation
Current PhD students
- Olivia Maynard: "Visual Search and Tobacco Packaging"
- Jennifer Ware: "Molecular Genetics of Nicotine Addiction" (University of Cardiff)
- Michael Anderson: "Translational Model of Depression"
- Kate Button: "Cognitive Processes in Social Anxiety"
- Suzi Gage: "Cannabis Use and Psychosis"
Current research is in the area of the genetic determinants of addictive behaviours, in particular alcohol and nicotine use, and in the role of human personality in explaining the association between genetic variation and addictive behaviours.
- Pesola, F, Shelton, KH, Heron, J, Munafò, M, Hickman, M & Bree, MBMvd 2015, The Developmental Relationship Between Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence and Harmful Drinking in Emerging Adulthood: The Role of Peers and Parents. Journal of youth and adolescence.
- Harrison, L, Wilson, S & Munafò, MR 2015, Pain-related and Psychological Complaints in Adolescents with Musculoskeletal and Sleep Problems. Clinical Journal of Pain.
- Griffiths, S, Penton-Voak, IS, Jarrold, C & Munafò, MR 2015, No Own-Age Advantage in Children's Recognition of Emotion on Prototypical Faces of Different Ages. PloS one, vol 10., pp. e0125256
- Leung, T, Bergen, A, Munafò, MR, De Ruyck, K, Selby, P & De Luca, V 2015, Effect of the rs1051730-rs16969968 variant and smoking cessation treatment: a meta-analysis. Pharmacogenomics., pp. 1-8
- Taylor, AE, Davies, NM & Munafò, MR 2015, Smoking and diabetes: strengthening causal inference. The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology.
- Maynard, OM, Leonards, U, Attwood, AS, Bauld, L, Hogarth, L & Munafò, MR 2015, Effects of first exposure to plain cigarette packaging on smoking behaviour and attitudes: a randomised controlled study. British Medical Council Public Health, vol 15.
- Griffiths, SL, Penton-Voak, IS, Jarrold, CR & Munafo, MR 2015, No own-age advantage in children’s recognition of emotion on prototypical faces of different ages. PLOS ONE.
- Attwood, AS, Catling, JC, Kwong, ASF & Munafò, MR 2015, Effects of 7.5% carbon dioxide (CO2) inhalation and ethnicity on face memory. Physiology & Behavior.
- Ware, JJ, Aveyard, P, Broderick, P, Houlston, RS, Eisen, T & Munafò, MR 2015, The association of rs1051730 genotype on adherence to and consumption of prescribed nicotine replacement therapy dose during a smoking cessation attempt. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
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