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Publication - Dr Tijl De Bie

    Hierarchical Novelty Detection


    Simeone, P, Santos-Rodríguez, R, McVicar, M, Lijffijt, J & De Bie, T, 2017, ‘Hierarchical Novelty Detection’. in: Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XVI: 16th International Symposium, IDA 2017, London, UK, October 26–28, 2017, Proceedings. Springer Verlag, pp. 310-321


    Hierarchical classification is commonly defined as multi-class classification where the classes are hierarchically nested. Many practical hierarchical classification problems also share features with multi-label classification (i.e., each data point can have any number of labels, even non-hierarchically related) and novelty detection (i.e., some data points are novelties at some level of the hierarchy). A further complication is that it is common for training data to be incompletely labelled, e.g. the most specific labels are not always provided. In music genre classification for example, there are numerous music genres (multi-class) which are hierarchically related. Songs can belong to different (even non-nested) genres (multi-label), and a song labelled as Rock may not belong to any of its sub-genres, such that it is a novelty within this genre (novelty-detection). Finally, the training data may label a song as Rock whereas it really could be labelled correctly as the more specific genre Blues Rock. In this paper we develop a new method for hierarchical classification that naturally accommodates every one of these properties. To achieve this we develop a novel approach, modelling it as a Hierarchical Novelty Detection problem that can be trained through a single convex second-order cone programming problem. This contrasts with most existing approaches that typically require a model to be trained for each layer or internal node in the label hierarchy. Empirical results on a music genre classification problem are reported, comparing with a state-of-the-art method as well as simple benchmarks.

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