Browse/search for people

Dr Ian Hamerton

Dr Ian Hamerton

Dr Ian Hamerton
BSc(Sur.), PhD(Sur.)

Reader in Polymer and Composite Materials

Office Room 0.106, ACCIS Office, Queens Building
Queen's Building,
University Walk, Clifton BS8 1TR
(See a map)

+44 (0) 117 331 4799

Summary

My research is concerned with developing polymeric materials with improved performance suitable for use in demanding environments and technologically relevant applications (e.g. satellites, military and civil aerospace, high performance automotive applications, micro-/opto-electrionics and polymer filters).  This may take the form of novel synthesis (of monomers) or blending of existing commercial materials.  To gain the best out of these materials, it is of key importance to understand the structures that they form (in terms of the bonds they form or the 3-dimensional structures that they adopt) so that these might be subtly improved.  My group employs cutting edge techniques to combine state of the art computer modelling and simulation techniques, with sophisticated analysis (at the atomic or molecular level through spectroscopy or at the macroscopic scale through thermo-mechanical techniques).  Computer simulation requires the use of software both developed by us, e.g. in the kinetic modelling of polymer cure and commercial packages e.g. in the calculation of the physical and mechanical properties of synthetic polymers.

To gain insight into how the chemical structure of a polymer affects its physical and mechanical properties, we have been using molecular modelling to build models of the polymers we are studying and have calculated experimentally measurable parameters e.g. the Young's Modulus of Elasticity, which we have then determined experimentally. The comparison between the calculated and experimental values allows validation of the molecular models. Systems studied include crystalline polyethylene, polyethersulphones and linear epoxy resins, prediction of the physical and mechanical properties of network forming cyanate ester resins, the interaction of resins with carbon fibre surfaces and evaluation of the accuracy of the prediction of polymer structures with specific infra-red characteristics. Recently, our interests have expanded to include conducting polymers, e.g. poly(p-phenylene) and polypyrrole and nanocomposites based on epoxy-POSS blends.


Introducing or Enhancing the Functionality of Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites


Several recent projects have been carried out to enhance or impart electrical or thermal conductivity of carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites (to improve the electrical static discharge properties or to reduce the effects of lightning strike).  Examples of this include projects sponsored by Astrium (for satellite applications) and Bombardier (civil aerospace).  Both projects have utilised carbon nanotubes (CNTs) – either dispersed in the polymer matrix in the former or deposited on the carbon fibres in the latter (T R Pozegic, I Hamerton, S R P Silva (2014). Low temperature growth of carbon nanotubes on carbon fibre to create a highly networked fuzzy fibre reinforced composite with superior electrical conductivity, Carbon, 74, 319-328).  A most promising development involving hydrophobic epoxy resins and diamond like coatings has also led to two patent applications (I Hamerton, W Tang, J V Anguita, S R P Silva (2013). Towards the rational design of polymers using molecular simulation: predicting the effect of cure schedule on thermo-mechanical properties for a cycloaliphatic amine-cured epoxy resin, Reactive and Functional Polymers, 74, 1-15).

Developing Novel Monomers and Polymers

Given the costs and timescales involved in the qualification of new materials for many technological applications, there is a much greater emphasis placed on optimising properties of existing polymers.  Consequently, we have carried out many projects (with Lonza, Cytec, Huntsman, and Dstl to name but a few) to examine the effects of blending with other polymers or introducing various additives (such as clay, CNTs or POSS reagents) to form nanocomposites.   However, in some cases, the need to make a paradigm shift beyond the limitations of existing materials requires new building blocks and we have the capability to synthesise and characterise new monomers and polymers from small (< 1g) to large (500 g) scale.

Examining Polymer Stability and Degradation Mechanisms

Several projects have focused on the development of polymers/nanocomposites (e.g. based on phenylethynyl terminated imides, cyanate ester resins, and bismaleimides) with extended lifetimes at elevated temperatures.  Equally, where exposure to radiation might be expected (in extra-terrestrial applications) then the incorporation of POSS to improve resistance to UV radiation or atomic oxygen has been explored.  Inevitably in some circumstances, polymers will undergo some degradation and we have most recently examined the kinetics and mechanisms of the thermal degradation of polybenzoxazines and cyanate ester resins (A Baggott, J R Bass, I Hamerton, B J Howlin, L Mooring, D Sparks, S J Shaw, C A Stone (2014). At the limits of simulation: A new method to predict thermal degradation behaviour in cyanate esters and nanocomposites using molecular dynamics simulation, Macromolecular Theory and Simulations, 23, 369-372, cover article).

Materials in Cultural Heritage

This has long been an interest of mine and I always relish the chance to examine historical artefacts.  Consequently, a number of projects have been conducted including: examining pigments and binders on the ceiling of the Queen’s Staircase (Hampton Court Palace), assessing the remnant lifetime in sailcloth from the H.M.S. Victory, determining degradation in historical manuscripts and in Bakelite objects.  This work ties in well with my interests in examining/predicting polymer ageing.

 

 

Biography

Dr Ian Hamerton graduated from the University of Surrey in 1987 having completed a 4-year BSc (Honours) Chemistry programme including a year of professional training (spent in the analytical laboratories of the Elastomers Division of Esso Chemicals Ltd. at Fawley near Southampton).  His PhD was also obtained from Surrey (1987-1990) with sponsorship from the US Navy (designing coatings for surface acoustic wave sensors) and the Ministry of Defence (high temperature polymers).  He carried out postdoctoral research based at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (later DRA/DERA at Farnborough) on the development of toughened high temperature polymer composites based on bismaleimides and cyanate esters, before joining the Department of Chemistry at Surrey in 1991 (eventually becoming a Reader in Polymer Chemistry in 2012).

Married with two sons and a Welsh Springer Spaniel, Ian has varied interests outside of polymers and composites.  These include many different musical genres: modern jazz, R&B, soul, rock and folk (as a double bass player and bass guitarist) and classic cars (having owned both 3.4 and 3.8 Mk II Jaguars and a Sunbeam Alpine Series V), the art of the pre-Raphaelite brotherhood, and the Arts and Crafts Movement.  Ian was previously both the Vice Chairman and later Chairman of the Society of the Arts and Crafts Movement in Surrey (ACMS) and is now the Honorary President of the C.F.A. Voysey Society - Ian and his family are fortunate to have lived in an arts and crafts lodge house designed by C.F.A. Voysey.

In 2005, Ian was the editor and principal author of ‘W.A.S. Benson: Luminary of the Arts and Crafts Movement and Pioneer of Modern Design’, the first book (published in March 2005 by Antique Collectors’ Club) to deal with this enigmatic architect and designer.  Ian has lectured widely on not only this topic, but also C.F.A. Voysey, M.H. Baillie Scott, Archibald Knox and other figures within the Arts and Crafts Movement to learned societies and the general public.

Recent publications

View complete publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

Courses

Dr Hamerton currently teaches 5 courses:

Edit this profile If you are Dr Ian Hamerton, you can edit this page. Login required.

PDF versionDownload PDF