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Publication - Dr Amanda Williams

    Race Essentialism and Social Contextual Differences in Children's Racial Stereotyping


    Pauker, K, Xu, Y, Williams, AT & Biddle, A, 2016, ‘Race Essentialism and Social Contextual Differences in Children's Racial Stereotyping’. Child Development, vol 87., pp. 1409-1422


    The authors explored the differential emergence and correlates of racial stereotyping in 136 children ages 4–11 years across two broad social contexts: Hawai'i and Massachusetts. Children completed measures assessing race salience, race essentialism, and in-group and out-group stereotyping. Results indicated that the type of racial stereotypes emerging with age was context dependent. In both contexts in-group stereotyping increased with age. In contrast, there was only an age-related increase in out-group stereotyping in Massachusetts. Older children in Massachusetts reported more essentialist thinking (i.e., believing that race cannot change) than their counterparts in Hawai'i, which explained their higher out-group stereotyping. These results provide insight into the factors that may shape contextual differences in racial stereotyping.

    Full details in the University publications repository