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Publication - Professor Tim Elliott

    Chronology of formation of early solar system solids from bulk Mg isotope analyses of CV3 chondrules

    Citation

    Chen, HW, Claydon, JL, Elliott, T, Coath, CD, Lai, YJ & Russell, SS, 2018, ‘Chronology of formation of early solar system solids from bulk Mg isotope analyses of CV3 chondrules’. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol 227., pp. 19-37

    Abstract

    We have analysed the petrography, major element abundances and bulk Al-Mg isotope systematics of 19 ferromagnesian chondrules from the CV3 chondrites Allende, Mokoia, and Vigarano, together with an Al-rich chondrule and refractory olivine from Mokoia. Co-variations of Al/Mg with Na/Mg and Ti/Mg in our bulk chondrules suggest their compositions are dominantly controlled by reworking of different proportions of chondrule components (e.g. mafic minerals and mesostatis); their precursors are thus fragments from prior generations of chondrules. Our samples show a range in fractionation corrected 26Mg/24Mg (Δ′26Mg) ∼ 60 ppm, relative to precisions <±5 ppm (2se) and these values broadly covary with 27Al/24Mg. The data can be used to calculate model initial 26Al/27Al, or (26Al/27Al)0, of the chondrule precursors. Our resolvably radiogenic chondrules yield model (26Al/27Al)0 ∼ 1–2 × 10−5, equivalent to model “ages” of precursor formation ≦1 Ma post CAI. However, many of our chondrules show near solar Δ′26Mg and no variability despite a range in 27Al/24Mg. This suggests their derivation either from younger precursor chondrules or open system behaviour once 26Al was effectively extinct ((26Al/27Al)0 < 0.8 × 10−5, given the resolution here). Evidence for the latter explanation is provided by marked rims of orthopyroxene replacing olivine, indicating reaction of chondrules with a surrounding silicate vapour. Concurrent isotopic exchange of Mg with a near chondritic vapour during late reworking could explain their isotopic systematics. One ferromagnesian object is dominated by a high Mg# olivine with elevated Ti and Ca abundances. This refractory olivine has a markedly negative Δ′26Mg = −16 ± 3 ppm (2se), reflecting its early removal (model age of <0.5 Ma post CAI), from a reservoir with evolving Δ′26Mg. If representative of the chondrule forming region, this grain defines a minimum interval of radiogenic ingrowth for CV chondrites commensurate with (26Al/27Al)0 > 3.4 ± 0.6 × 10−5. Overall, our samples record a sequence of events from the formation of ferromagnesian objects within 0.5 Ma of CAI to re-equilibration of chondrules and silicate vapour >2 Ma post CAI, assuming an initially homogeneous 26Al/27Al. Metamorphism on the asteroid parent body may have played a subsequent role in affecting Mg isotope composition, but we argue this had a minor influence on the observations here.

    Full details in the University publications repository