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Professor Daniela Schmidt

Biotic response to climate change

My research focuses on understanding the causes and effects of global warming and ocean acidification, both in the modern era and in geological time. I am recognised as an expert in the biotic reactions of marine calcifiers to climate change. Our assessment of historical and geological records of ocean acidification covers a range of organisms from bryozoans, bivalves and corraline algae to marine plankton. My group and I are using tools from a wide range of fields including isotope geochemistry, material testing, tomography to fluid dynamics. We have applied a wide range of in-situ analytical methods such as the ion probe and electron probe, Electron backscatter diffraction and Atomic force microscopy to assess crystal growth, Synchrotron tomography, and Nano indentation for material properties to a wide range of organism potentially threatened by ocean acidification. I have contributed as a lead author of the 2014 IPCC report WGII and am currently an Expert Group Member of EU SAPEA (Science Advice for Policy by European Academies) of the European Scientific Advice Mechanism (SAM) on the topic "Food from the Oceans"

My research highlights were:

  • Linked the rate of ocean acidification to the magnitude of impact on marine ecosystems
  • Characterised past intervals of rapid environmental change and determined the biotic response to these global changes
  • Described the unique nature of our ongoing ocean acidification in a geological context
  • Developed methodologies to assess calcification response to past ocean acidification events, applied these to the best geological analogue and highlighted species specific responses to OA in the past

Research keywords

  • Marine Ecosystems
  • climate change
  • calcification