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Publication - Dr Ian Bull

    Parasite infection at the early farming community of Çatalhöyük

    Citation

    Ledger, M, Anastasiou, E, Shillito, L-M, Mackay, H, Bull, I, Haddow, S, Knüsel, C & Mitchell, P, 2019, ‘Parasite infection at the early farming community of Çatalhöyük’. Antiquity, vol 93., pp. 573-587

    Abstract

    The early village at Çatalhöyük (7100–6150 BC) provides important evidence for the Neolithic and Chalcolithic people of central Anatolia. This article reports on the use of lipid biomarker analysis to identify human coprolites from midden deposits, and microscopy to analyse these coprolites and soil samples from human burials. Whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) eggs are identified in two coprolites, but the pelvic soil samples are negative for parasites. Çatalhöyük is one of the earliest Eurasian sites to undergo palaeoparasitological analysis to date. The results inform how intestinal parasitic infection changed as humans modified their subsistence strategies from hunting and gathering to settled farming.

    Full details in the University publications repository