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Publication - Professor Tanniemola Liverpool

    Pair creation, motion, and annihilation of topological defects in two-dimensional nematic liquid crystals

    Citation

    Cortese, D, Eggers, J & Liverpool, T, 2018, ‘Pair creation, motion, and annihilation of topological defects in two-dimensional nematic liquid crystals’. Physical Review E, vol 97.

    Abstract

    We present a novel framework for the study of disclinations in two-dimensional active nematic liquid crystals, and topological defects in general. The order tensor formalism is used to calculate exact multi-particle solutions of the linearized static equations inside a uniformly aligned state. Topological charge conservation requires a fixed difference between the number of half charges. Starting from a set of hydrodynamic equations, we derive a low-dimensional dynamical system for the parameters of the static solutions, which describes the motion of a half-disclination pair, or of several pairs. Within this formalism, we model defect production and annihilation, as observed in experiments. Our dynamics also provide an estimate for the critical density at which production and annihilation rates are balanced.

    Full details in the University publications repository