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Mr Patrick Kennedy

Mr Patrick Kennedy

Mr Patrick Kennedy


Area of research

Social evolution in tropical paper-wasps

Life Sciences Building,
24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ
(See a map)



I am a PhD student studying the evolution of cooperation in wasps. I am focusing on a fascinating group of paper wasps found throughout South and Central America, and my field sites are in French Guiana, Panama, and Brazil. For more information on this project, see


I blog about fieldwork at


2016: Short-Term Fellowship, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (Panama)

Sept. 2014-Present: Phd student, University of Bristol

2014: Project student, Rainforest seed parasitoids, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (Panama)

2014: Research Assistant, Conservation Ecology Research Group, University of Durham

2010: Amgen Summer Scholarship, Department of Physiology, Development, and Neuroscience (University of Cambridge)

2010-2013: BA (Hons.) Biological Sciences, University of Oxford (Brasenose College)



Kennedy, P., Baron, G., Bitao, Q., Freitak, D., Helanterä, H., Hunt, E., Manfredini, F., O’Shea-Wheller, T., Patalano, S., Pull, C., Sasaki, T., Taylor, D., Wyatt, C., & Sumner, S. (2017) Deconstructing superorganisms and societies to address big questions in biology. ‚ÄčTrends in Ecology & Evolution, 32(11): 861-872

Kennedy, P., Uller, T. & Helanterä, H. 2014 Are ant supercolonies crucibles of a new major transition in evolution? Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 27(9): 1784-1796


  • eusociality
  • drifting
  • social networks
  • cooperation

Recent publications

View complete publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

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