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Dr Martin Genner
Dr Martin Genner
Reader in Evolutionary Ecology
BSc(Liv), MSc(Aberd), PhD(Soton)
Area of research
Fish Ecology and Evolution
I am interested in the ecological and evolutionary processes have shaped spatial and temporal patterns of biological diversity, primarily in aquatic environments. I have mainly worked on two systems: European marine fishes, and African freshwater fishes .
Topics currently being pursued include:
- Speciation and adaptive radiation of cichlid fishes
- Historical phylogeography of African freshwater fishes
- Influence of climate change and fishing on marine fish assemblages
- Conservation genetics of European marine fishes
I tackle fundamental questions about the origins of diversity (speciation and adaptive radiation), how it is maintained (species coexistence) and how it is influenced by changing environments (climate and invasive species). I work mainly on fishes of African water bodies and European seas. I use a range of methods from field surveys of biodiversity, to analyses of long-term fisheries data, experimental field tests, quantitative observations of behaviour, analyses of stable isotope ratios, and application of molecular markers for phylogenetics and population genetics. Recent work includes the development of methods for measuring and predicting effects of climate change on European fish assemblages (Montera-Serra et al. 2014 Global Change Biology, Rutterford et al. 2015 Nature Climate Chnage), quantifying spatial structure of European marine fish diversity using molecular markers (Griffiths et al. 2010 Proc Roy Soc; Jolly et al. 2012 Mar Biol), and contributions to our knowledge of a major vertebrate adaptive radiation, African cichlid fishes (Genner & Turner 2012 Mol Biol Evol; Winkelmann et al.2014 Nature Comms). My research on African fish ecology and evolution develops with a Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship (2014-2015) and Royal Society-Leverhulme Trust Africa Award (2014-2017). A developing research focus is the use of genome-wide data for inferring phylogeny and identification of genes under selection during cichlid fish evolution.
Level 1: Vertebrate evolution
Level 2: Marine Ecology and Physiology
Level 2: Tropical Ecology Fieldcourse
Level 3: Evolutionary Ecology
- Adaptive radiation
- environmental change
- fish biology
- Evans, S, McKenna, C, Simpson, S, Tournois, J & Genner, MJ, 2016, Patterns of species range evolution in Indo-Pacific reef assemblages reveal the Coral Triangle as a net source of transoceanic diversity. Biology Letters, vol 12.
- Genner, MJ, 2016, Staying out of the heat: How habitat use is determined by local temperature. Journal of Animal Ecology, vol 85., pp. 611-613
- Sungani, H, Ngatunga, B & Genner, MJ, 2016, Migratory behaviour shapes spatial genetic structure of cyprinid fishes within the Lake Malawi catchment. Freshwater Biology.
- Winkelmann, K, Ruber, L & Genner, MJ, 2016, Lake level fluctuations and divergence of cichlid fish ecomorphs in Lake Tanganyika. Hydrobiologia.
- Hawkins, S, Bohn, K, Sims, D, Ribero, P, Faria, J, Presa, P, Pita, A, Martins, G, Neto, A, Burrows, M & Genner, MJ, 2016, Fisheries stocks from an ecological perspective: Disentangling ecological connectivity from genetic interchange. Fisheries Research, vol 179., pp. 333-341
- Genner, MJ, Turner, GF, Smith, A, Mzighani, S & Ngatunga, BP, 2015, Presence of Acapoeta tanganicae (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) within the Lake Rukwa catchment supports historic riverine connectivity with Lake Tanganyika. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, vol 45., pp. 109-112
- Rutterford, LA, Simpson, SD, Jennings, S, Johnson, MP, Blanchard, JL, Schön, PJ, Sims, DW, Tinker, J & Genner, MJ, 2015, Future fish distributions constrained by depth in warming seas. Nature Climate Change, vol 5., pp. 569-573
- Ball, R, Serra-Pereira, B, , Ellis, J, Genner, MJ, Iglésias, S, Johnson, A, Jones, C, Leslie, R, Lewis, J, Mariani, S, Menezes, G, Neat, F, Noble, L, Sims, D & Griffiths, A, 2015, Resolving taxonomic uncertainty in vulnerable elasmobranchs: Are the Madeira skate (Raja maderensis) and the thornback ray (Raja clavata) distinct species?. Conservation Genetics.
- Malinsky, M, Challis, R, Tyers, A, Schiffels, S, Terai, Y, Ngatunga, B, Miska, E, Durbin, R, Genner, MJ & Turner, G, 2015, Genomic islands of speciation separate cichlid ecomorphs in an East African crater lake. Science, vol 350., pp. 1493-1498
- Genner, MJ & Turner, G, 2015, Timing of population expansions within the Lake Malawi haplochromine cichlid fish radiation. Hydrobiologia, vol 748.
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