Browse/search for people

Publication - Professor Keara Franklin

    UV-B detected by the UVR8 photoreceptor antagonizes auxin signaling and plant shade avoidance

    Citation

    Hayes, S, Velanis, C, Jenkins, G & Franklin, KA, 2014, ‘UV-B detected by the UVR8 photoreceptor antagonizes auxin signaling and plant shade avoidance’. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 111., pp. 11894-11899

    Abstract

    Plants detect different facets of their radiation environment via specific photoreceptors to modulate growth and development. UV-B is perceived by the photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8). The molecular mechanisms linking UVR8 activation to plant growth are not fully understood, however. When grown in close proximity to neighboring vegetation, shade-intolerant plants initiate dramatic stem elongation to overtop competitors. Here we show that UV-B, detected by UVR8, provides an unambiguous sunlight signal that inhibits shade avoidance responses in Arabidopsis thaliana by antagonizing the phytohormones auxin and gibberellin. UV-B triggers degradation of the transcription factors PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 4 and PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 5 and stabilizes growth-repressing DELLA proteins, inhibiting auxin biosynthesis via a dual mechanism. Our findings show that UVR8 signaling is closely integrated with other photoreceptor pathways to regulate auxin signaling and plant growth in sunlight.

    Full details in the University publications repository