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Publication - Professor Imre Berger

    Synthetic energy sensor AMPfret deciphers adenylate-dependent AMPK activation mechanism

    Citation

    Pelosse, M, Cottet-Roussellea, C, Bidand, C, Dupont, A, Gupta, K, Berger, I & Schlattner, U, 2019, ‘Synthetic energy sensor AMPfret deciphers adenylate-dependent AMPK activation mechanism’. Nature Communications, vol 10.

    Abstract


    AMP-activated protein kinase AMPK senses and regulates cellular energy state. AMPK activation by increasing AMP and ADP concentrations involves a conformational switch within the heterotrimeric complex. This is exploited here for the construction of a synthetic sensor of cellular energetics and allosteric AMPK activation, AMPfret. Based on engineered AMPK fused to fluorescent proteins, the sensor allows direct, real-time readout of the AMPK conformational state by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). AMPfret faithfully and dynamically reports the binding of AMP and ADP to AMPK γ-CBS sites, competed by Mg
    2+
    -free ATP. FRET signals correlate with activation of AMPK by allosteric mechanisms and protection from dephosphorylation, attributed here to specific CBS sites, but does not require activation loop phosphorylation. Moreover, AMPfret detects binding of pharmacological compounds to the AMPK α/β-ADaM site enabling activator screening. Cellular assays demonstrate that AMPfret is applicable in vivo for spatiotemporal analysis of energy state and allosteric AMPK activation.

    Full details in the University publications repository