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Cloze tests

A cloze test involves a piece of text, from which a number of words have been removed. The student is required to insert the missing words. In some cases the missing words are supplied as a single list, from which the student has to select. In this case one is effectively matching a word with the space where it belongs - thus it is a matching question.

A cloze matching question

However a problem with such questions is that they are hard to design in a way that does not give away the answers. More common, and a lot more difficult, is a multiple choice cloze test, where each gap has its own separate list of words to choose from, as in this example:

A cloze mcq question

A final type of cloze question is where no options are presented and the missing words have to be supplied by the student.