Chronology of The Boxer Uprising and its Consequences.
  1. Outbreak of the Opium War
  1. Treaty of Nanking ends the Opium War and opens up five Chinese ports for Western trade.
  1. Taiping Rebellion.
1856     Arrow Incident at Canton – leads to Western expeditions into China.
  1. Creation of the Tsungli-Yamen – Chinese Foreign Office.
  1. Treaty of Tientsin – opens up China further to Western trade.
  1. Anglo-French forces occupy Peking.
 1861 – 4 . Taiping Rebellion ends.

                    June 21 - Tientsin Massacre of French missionaries by Chinese, accused a French Catholic orphanage of kidnapping children.

  1. Second Treaty of Tientsin – recognition of French protectorate.
1897        Germany occupies Jiaozhou Bay.

1898      Scramble for Concessions – Western powers compete for influence in China.

June 11 - Hundred Days Reform – The Emperor publicly supports reform – modernizes key institutions.

November 21 – by way of a coup d’etat the Empress Dowager resumes power.

Throughout the year increasing number of railways built by Western powers in China. Many destroyed by Boxers and other militant groups.

January – March – a number of secret society rebellions occur in Shandong.
August 8 – flood and famine strike Shandong – affect more than 1,000,000 people.

September 6 - "Open Door Policy" introduced by America – all Western countries allowed to trade with China.

September 17 – Christian converts are attacked in Shandong.
October 9 – first significant occurrence of Boxer militancy – defeat Qing troops in Pingyuan – the Qing later defeat and disperse this wing of the Boxers.

December 6 – Yuan Shikai replaces Yuxian (supporter of anti-foreign and anti-missionary activity) as Governor of Shandong.

December 31 – Anglican missionary S. M. Brooks is killed by members of the Big Sword Society in Shandong.

1900. January - April - Western ministers send letter to the Tsungli Yamen, demanding the suppression of the Boxers – threaten foreign         invasion if this is not achieved within two months. June 13 – Large force of Boxers enter Peking – foreigners retreat into legations.

June 9-10 Boxers destroy all means of communications from Peking to Tianjin so the foreigners are isolated in the legations.
June 13 – Boxer groups burn churches in Peking killing over 300 converts.

June 16-17 – The Qing discuss declaration of war against the foreigners.

June 19 – The Qing threaten war if the foreign legations have not withdrawn in 24 hours.

June 20 – Boxers begin their attack upon the Legations – Siege of the Legations begins.

June 21 – Qing court declare war on the allied powers.

August 14 - Allied troops enter Peking after fighting their way from Tianjin and the siege is lifted. In an act of revenge the powers plunder and massacre throughout Peking.

November 13 – Court members are punished for voicing pro-Boxer opinions.

  1. January 12 – Boxer protocol is signed by China as an acknowledgement of guilt. Provides for
punishment of main culprits and payment of a large indemnity.