June 21 - Tientsin Massacre of French missionaries by Chinese, accused a French Catholic orphanage of kidnapping children.
1898 Scramble for Concessions Western powers compete for influence in China.
June 11 - Hundred Days Reform The Emperor publicly supports reform modernizes key institutions.1899
November 21 by way of a coup detat the Empress Dowager resumes power.
Throughout the year increasing number of railways built by Western powers in China. Many destroyed by Boxers and other militant groups.
January March a number of secret society rebellions occur in Shandong.
September 6 - "Open Door Policy" introduced by America all Western countries allowed to trade with China.
September 17 Christian converts are attacked
October 9 first significant occurrence of Boxer militancy defeat Qing troops in Pingyuan the Qing later defeat and disperse this wing of the Boxers.
December 6 Yuan Shikai replaces Yuxian (supporter of anti-foreign and anti-missionary activity) as Governor of Shandong.
December 31 Anglican missionary S. M. Brooks is killed by members of the Big Sword Society in Shandong.
June 9-10 Boxers destroy all means of communications from
Peking to Tianjin so the foreigners are isolated in the legations.
June 13 Boxer groups burn churches in Peking killing over 300 converts.
June 16-17 The Qing discuss declaration of war against the foreigners.
June 19 The Qing threaten war if the foreign legations have not withdrawn in 24 hours.
June 20 Boxers begin their attack upon the Legations Siege of the Legations begins.
June 21 Qing court declare war on the allied powers.
August 14 - Allied troops enter Peking after fighting their way from Tianjin and the siege is lifted. In an act of revenge the powers plunder and massacre throughout Peking.
November 13 Court members are punished for voicing pro-Boxer opinions.