Colonialism in comparative perspective: Tianjin under Nine Flags, 1860-1949

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Interior of Gordon Hall prior to the opening banquet (1889). Collection Otto Franke, Berlin. Courtesy of Dr. Renata Fu-sheng Franke, Otto Franke's granddaughter

The ESRC funded 3-year research project entitled ‘Colonialism in comparative perspective: Tianjin under nine flags, 1860-1949’ started on 1st September 2008. The research is being conducted by a group of eight scholars based at the University of Bristol and Swansea. Read more about the project >>