Welcome to the SPINE website

photo fishing village Zanzibar

SPINE: Student Performance in National Examinations - the dynamics of language in school achievement.

This project is about the study of children in sub-saharan Africa who demonstrate their subject learning through formal examinations that are in English. In many of these contexts, the children learn their Maths, Science and other school subjects through two languages, that is their first (home) language as well as their second language.

Incompetence in English has been mentioned as a significant factor contributing to low examination performance and some researchers have argued that the language of examinations should be in the children’s first language. This research is concerned with investigating the dynamics of languages (English and Kiswahili) in formal school examinations through which children attempt to show how much they have learned in school.

SPINE brochure

SPINE Brochure (click on image to view the brochure, PDF 1011.3 kb)