Professor in Catholic Theology
BA (Birmingham), PhD (Cantab)
Phone: 0117 331 7010
Fax: 0117 331 7933
Gavin D'Costa was born in Kenya, East Africa. He came to England in 1968 and completed a first degree in English and Theology at Birmingham University. He studied at the University of Cambridge for his doctorate and then taught in London. His doctoral work on John Hick's theology of religions led him into work with the Church of England and Roman Catholic Committees on Other Faiths, advising these communities on theological issues. He also advises the Pontifical Council for Other Faiths, Vatican City. In 1998 he was visiting Professor at the Gregorian University, Rome. He started teaching in Bristol in 1993.
D’Costa’s research interests include modern Roman Catholic theology, systematic theology, and theology of inter-religious dialogue.
- Theology and Religious Pluralism. The Challenge of Other Religions, Basil Blackwell, Oxford/New York, 1986, 155 pp
- John Hick's Theology of Religions. A Critical Evaluation, University Press of America, Lanham/New York/London, 1987, 239 pp
- The Meeting of Religions and the Trinity, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, New York, 2000; T & T Clark, Edinburgh, 2000, 187 pp - A Trinidad y el diálogo interreligioso, Secretariado Trinitario, 2006 (Spanish trans.)
- Sexing the Trinity. Gender, Culture and the Divine , SCM, London, 2000, 212 pp
- Theology in the Public Square: Church, University, and Nation, Blackwell, Oxford, 2005, 264pp
- Christianity and the World Religions. Disputed Questions in the Theology of Religions, Blackwell, Oxford, 2009, 233pp
- Co-authored with Paul Knitter and Daniel Strange, Only One Way? Three Christian Response on the Uniqueness of Christ in a Religiously Pluralist World, SCM, London, 2011
- Faith Meets Faith, editor and contributor, British & Foreign Schools Society, London, 1988, 97 pp; preface: pp i iii; essay: pp 8-22
Christian Uniqueness Reconsidered: The Myth of a Pluralistic Theology of Religions, editor and contributor, Orbis Books, New York, 1990, 218 pp; preface: pp vii xxii, essay: pp l6-29
- Translation: Italian, with introduction by Carlo Molari, Cittadella Editrice, Assisi, 1994
- Translation: Japanese, Kyo Bun Kwan, Tokyo, 1997
- Translation: German, Verlag Otto Lembeck, Frankfurt am Main, 1998
- Translation: Spanish, Desclée De Brower, Bilbao, Spain, 2000
- Eight print run
- Religion in Europe: Contemporary Perspectives, co editor with Sean Gill & Ursula King, Kok Pharos, Netherlands, 1994, 213 pp
- Resurrection Reconsidered, editor and contributor, Oneworld Books, Oxford, 1996, 227 pp, preface: pp 7 12; essay: pp 150-67
- Catholic Engagement with World Religions. A Comprehensive Study, collaborator with Karl Becker and Ilaria Morali and Maurice Borrmans, Orbis, New York, 2010, one chapter and one co-written part chapter
- Religion and the University, 3 Volumes, co-edited with Oliver Crisp, Mervyn Davies & Peter Hampson (2011)
- The Catholic Church and the World Religions. A Theological and Phenomenological Account, T & T Clark, London, 2011, preface and chapter one
- Is One Religion as Good as Another?, 1985. Booklet published by the Catholic Truth Society, London, 15 pp
- Beyond Sameness and Otherness: Distorted Visions of the World Religions, Nexus Occasional Papers, No. 6, February 1995, 30 pp
- Getting to Know People of Other Faiths, 9, 1990 (Occasional papers of Catholic Committee for Other Faiths): 'Is God at Work Outside the Church?', 4 pp
- Co-authored (equally with six others): Community and Buildings: Church of England Premises and Other Faiths. A report prepared for the General Synod of the Church of England by the Board of Missions Inter Faith Consultative Group, Church of England Board of Mission, London, 1996
Contributions to edited books
- 'Against Religious Pluralism' in ed. Andrew Walker, Different Gospels, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1988, pp 206-24. Second edition, 1992, pp 139-55
- 'Troeltsch and Barth Navigating the Straits', in ed. M Darrol Bryant, Pluralism. Tolerance and Dialogue: Six Studies, Waterloo University Press, Waterloo, 1989, pp 136 46 Response by Dr. M Darrol Bryant, pp 147-50
- 'Theology of Religions', in ed. D. Ford, The Modern Theologians, Basil Blackwell, Oxford/ New York, 1989, pp 274-90. Translation: Chinese, German, Swedish, Italian, French Second revised edition, 1997, revised essay: pp 626-44 Third revised edition, 2005, revised essay, pp. 626-44
- 'Theological Reflections after the Holocaust on Jesus as Christ', in Remembering the Future, Oxford International Conference: Pergamon Press, UK/US, 1989, pp 709 19
- 'Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus Revisited', in ed. Ian Hamnett, Religious Pluralism and Unbelief, Routledge, London, 1990, pp 130-47
'John Hick's Transcendental Agnosticism', in ed. Harold Hewitt, John Hick's Philosophy of Religion, Macmillan, London, 1991, pp 102-16
- Response from John Hick, pp 117-19
- Essay translated into Japanese, in ed. H Mase & H Inagaki, Explorations in Religious Pluralism: Critical Studies of John Hick, Tokyo, Japan, 1995
- 'Some Reflections on the Essays', in eds. Roger Hooker & John Sargant, Christians and One Nation, British Council of Churches, London, 1991, pp l51-69
- 'A Response to Cardinal Tomko: The Kingdom and a Trinitarian Ecclesiology. An Analysis of Soteriocentricism', in eds. Paul Mojzes & Leonard Swidler, Christian Mission and Inter Religious Dialogue, Edwin Mellen Press, New York, 1991, pp 51-61
- 'Towards a Trinitarian Theology of Religions' in eds. Catherine Cornille & Valeer Neckebrouck, A Universal Faith? Peoples, Cultures, Religions, and the Christ, Peeters Press, Louvain; W.B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1991, pp 139-54
- 'Christianity and Other Religions', in ed. Dan Cohn Sherbok, Many Mansions: Interfaith and Religious Intolerance, Bellew Publishing, London, 1992, pp 31-43
- 'Inter-faith Dialogue', in eds. Clive Erricker et al, SHAP Working Party Handbook: Teaching World Religion, Heinemann, London, 1993, pp 117 21
- 'Christianity and Other Faiths', in ed. A. McGrath, The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Thought, Basil Blackwell, Oxford/New York, 1994, pp 48-60 - translated into Finnish
- 'Christian Theology and Other Faiths', in eds. Peter Byrne & Leslie Houlden, Companion Encyclopedia of Theology, Routledge, London & New York, 1995, pp 291-313
'One Covenant or Many Covenants', in ed. Robin Gill, Readings in Modern Theology, SPCK, London, 1995, pp 173-185
- Reprint of article in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 27, 3, 1990, pp 441-52
- 'Theology of Religions', in ed. David Ford, The Modern Theologians, Blackwell, Oxford, 1996, 2nd. rev. ed., pp 626-44 (already cited above with first edition)
- 'Religious Studies and the Religious Imagination' in ed. John C Hawley, Through a Glass Darkly: Essays in the Religious Imagination, Fordham University Press, New York, 1996, pp 193-209
'Whose Objectivity? Which Neutrality? The Doomed Quest for a Neutral Vantage Point from Which to Judge Religions' in ed. G Kessler, Philosophy of Religions in A Global Perspective, Wadsworth, California, 1997, pp 86-102
- Reprint of article in Religious Studies, 29, 1993, pp 75 95
- 'Revelation and World Religions' in ed. Paul Avis, Divine Revelation, Darton, Longman & Todd, London, 1997, pp 112-139
- 'Viele Welten viele Religionen. Warum eine pluralistiche Theologie der Religionen in der gegenwärtigen Krise nicht hilfreich ist', in ed. Hans Gerd Schwandt, Pluralistische Theologie der Religionen. Eine kritische Sichtung, Verlag Otto Lembeck, Frankfurt am Main, 1998, pp 135-152
- 'The Christian trinity: paradigm for pluralism?', in ed. John D'Arcy May, Pluralism and the Religions. The Theological and Political Dimensions, Cassell, London, 1998, pp 22-39
- 'Trinitarian différance and world religions: Postmodernity and the "Other"', in ed. Ursula King, Faith and Praxis in a Postmodern Age, Cassell, London, 1998, pp 28-46
- 'His Word or Our Words? Postmodernity's Angelic Predicament in The Satanic Verses'. in ed. Liam Gearon, English Literature, Theology and the Curriculum, Cassell, London, 1999, pp 265-85
- 'Discerning Christ in World Religions', in eds. Geoffrey Turner & John Sullivan, Explorations in Catholic Theology, Lindisfarne Books, Dublin, 1999, pp. 119-130
- 'Theology of Religions & Dogmatics', in fourth revised edition of Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, J. C. Mohr, Tübingen, 2000, pp 74-76
- 'Nostra Aetate Telling God's Story in Asia: Problems and Pitfalls', in ed. Leo Kennis & Malcolm Lambergits, Vatican II and its Heritage, Peeters Press, Leuven, 2000, pp 82-98
- ‘Other Faiths and Christian Ethics’ in ed. Robin Gill, The Cambridge Companion to Christian Ethics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001, pp 154-67
- 'The Holy Spirit and the World Religions: A Blessing for the Church?' in Finding the Pulse of the Spirit Today, presented by Center for Faith and Culture, The University of St. Thomas, Huston, Texas, 2001, pp.32-47
- 'Foreword' to Christopher Sinkinson, The Universe of Faiths. A Critical Study of John Hikc's Religious Pluralism, Paternoster, Carlisle, 2001, pp.v-vii
- 'Foreword' to Tim S. Perry, Radical Difference. A Defence of Hendrik Kraemer's Theology of Religions, Wilfred Laurier University Press, Canada, 2001, p.vii
- 'Postmodernity and religious pluralism: Is a Common Global Ethic Possible or Desirable?' in ed. Graham Ward, The Blackwell Companion to Postmodern Theology, Blackwell, Oxford, 2001, pp.131-43
- Reprint of part of my essay 'The Impossibility of a Pluralist View of Religions', in eds. Colin E Gunton, Stephen R Holmes, Murray A Rae, The Practice of Theology. A Reader, SCM, London, 2001, pp,437-40
- 'Christ, Revelation and the World Religions: A Critical Appreciation of Keith Ward’s Comparative Global Theology' in ed. T. W. Bartel, Comparative Theology. Essays for Keith Ward, SPCK, London, 2003, pp.33-43
- 'Communion of Saints and Other Religions: On Saintly Wives in Hinduism and Catholicism', in ed. Stephen C. Barton, Holiness Past and Present, T & T Clark, London/New York, 2003, pp.421-40
- 'Church and Sacraments', in ed. Gareth Jones, The Blackwell Companion to Modern Theology, Blackwell, Oxford, 2004, pp. 258-75
- 'Vatican II and the Status of Other Religions as Salvific Structures', in ed. Liam Bergen, Faith, Word & Culture, Columba Press, Dublin, 2004, pp. 9-24
- 'On Theology’s Babylonian Captivity within the Secular University', in eds. Jeff Astley et al, The Idea of a Christian University. Essays on Theology and Higher Education, Paternoster, Bucks, 2004, pp. 183-199
- 'Theology of Religions', in ed. David Ford with Rachael Muers, The Modern Theologians, 3rd edition, Blackwell, Oxford, 2005, pp. 626-44 (revised essay from 1st and 2nd editions, already cited above with first edition)
- 'De prins en de olifant, or waarom het pluralism geen oplossing biedt', in ed. L. Verboven, Pelgrims onderweg. Spirituele ervaringen en gespreekken, Uitgeverij, 2006, pp. 177-191
- 'Trinity', in ed. Gerard Loughlin, Queer Theology: New Perspectives on Sex and Gender, Blackwell, Oxford, 29pp ms accepted, forthcoming (2007)
- 'Interreligious dialogue: Catholic theory and practice' , in eds. Frederick C. Bauerschmidt, James J. Buckley, R. Trent Pomplun, The Blackwell Companion to Catholicism, Blackwell, Oxford, 2007, pp. 449-62
- 'Theology and Religious Studies OR Theology versus Religious Studies', in eds. Darlene L. Bird & Simon G. Smith, Theology and Religious Studies in Higher Education. Global Perspectives, Continuum, London/New York, 2009, pp. 44-54
- 'Reception: Vatican II and Other Religions', in eds. Sarah Coakley & Richard Cross, in The Oxford Handbook on Reception in Theology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, forthcoming (2009)
- 4 dictionary entries on: 'Theology of Religions' (2000 words), 'Inculturation' (1250 words), 'Karl Rahner' (1000 words), 'Anonymous Christians' (250 words) in eds. Ian MacFarland et al, Oxford Dictionary of Theology, Oxford University Press, Oxford, forthcoming (2010)
- New Blackfriars, 65, 769/770, 1984, pp 323 31: 'John Hick's Copernican Revolution Ten Years After'
- Modern Theology, 1, 2, 1985, pp 131 48: 'Karl Rahner's Anonymous Christian: A Reappraisal'
- Modern Churchman, 27, 2, 1985, pp 37 45: 'A Bibliography: Christian Attitudes Towards Other Religions'
- New Blackfriars, 66, 777, 1985, pp 135 37: 'An Answer to Mr. Loughlin' (A reply to a criticism of first journal entry above)
- Theology, 88, 724, 1985, pp 259 69: 'Elephants, Ropes and a Christian Theology of Religions'
- Scottish Journal of Theology, 39, 21, 1986, pp 211 24: 'The Pluralist Paradigm in a Christian Theology of Religions' Translated into German in Theologie der Gegenwart, 4, 30, 1987, pp 221 51
- Theology, 89, 731, 1986, pp 385 6: 'Is Pluralism too Much? A Reply to Alan Race' (A reply to a criticism of fifth journal entry above)
- Anvil, 4, 2, 1987, pp 175 85: 'An Introduction to the Literature: Christianity and Other Religions'
- Dialogue and Alliance, 2, 2, 1988, pp 41 52: 'Christian Approaches to Other Religions'
- Perkins Journal of Theology, October, 1988, pp 21 5: 'An assessment of the state of the debate: The Myth of Christian Uniqueness'
- The Thomist, July, 1990, pp 519 29: 'Taking Other Religions Seriously: Some Ironies in the Current Debate on a Christian Theology of Religions'
- Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 27, 3, 1990, pp 441-52 : 'One Covenant or Many Covenant: Towards a Jewish Christian Theology' See essays in edited books above: ed. Robin Gill, 1995
- International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 15, 2, 1991, pp 60 70: 'Religious Pluralism and Mission'
- New Blackfriars, October, 1991, pp 418 32: 'The Satanic Verses in British Society: Secular Discourse and the Clash of Faiths'
- Dialogue and Alliance, July, 1991, pp 4 17: 'Some Problems with Discerning God in the World'
- Theology, 95, 767, 1992, pp. 324 34: 'The End of Systematic Theology'
- New Blackfriars, 74, 867, 1993, pp 41 7: 'Creating Confusion: A Response to lan Markham'
Religious Studies, 29, 1993, pp 79 85: 'Whose Objectivity? Which Neutrality? The Doomed Quest for a Neutral Vantage Point from Which to Judge Religions'
- Reprinted in ed. G Kessler, Philosophy of Religions in a Global Perspective, Wadsworth, California, 1997, pp 86-102
- The Thomist, 57, 3, 1993, pp 524 28: 'A Discussion of J A DiNoia, The Diversity of Religions: A Christian Perspective'
- Studia Missionalia, 42, 1993, pp 161 78: 'An Examination of John Hick and Paul Knitter's Theology of Religions'
- Modern Theology, 10, 2, 1994, pp 165 84: 'Revelation and revelations: Beyond a Static Valuation of Other Religions'
- Bulletin, 85/86, 1, 1994, pp 145 64: 'The Role and Value of Different Religious Traditions'
- The Month, 27, 12, 1994, pp 486 91: 'Discerning Christ in the World Religions' Reprinted in eds. Geoffrey Turner & John Sullivan, Explorations in Catholic Theology, Lindisfarne Books, Dublin, 1999, pp. 119-130
- Discovery, 5, 1994, pp 25 32: 'Response to Father Haight's essay'
- Studia Missionalia, 44, 1995, pp 121 48: 'Inculturation: India and Other Religions'
- Theology, 791, 1996, pp 338 51: 'The End of “Theology” and “Religious Studies”' reproduced in eds. C Gunton, M Rae, S Holmes, The Practice of Theology. A Reader, SCM, London, 2001
- Religious Studies, 32, 1996, pp 232-32 : 'The Impossibility of a Pluralist View of Religions' Reprint of part in eds. Colin E Gunton, Stephen R Holmes, Murray A Rae, The Practice of Theology. A Reader, SCM, London, 2001, pp,437-40
- Response from John Hick, 'The Possibility of Religious Pluralism: A Reply to Gavin D'Costa' Religious Studies, 33, 1997, pp 161-6
- Norsk Teolocisk Tidsskrift, 99, 1, 1998, pp 19 29: 'Theology and Religious Studies in a Pluralist Society: Towards a New Interdisciplinary Identity?'
- Bulletin, 98, 1998, pp 254 57: 'Theological Evaluation of Interreligious Prayer: The Catholic Tradition'
- Journal of Theological Studies , 49:2 (1998) 910-914:"Extended review of Jacques Dupuis, Toward a Christian Theology of Religious Pluralism"
- Reviews in Religion and Theology, 3, 1998, pp 7 13: 'On trinitarian ecclesiologies'
- Reviews in Religion and Theology, 6, 4, 1999, pp 356-60: 'On Seeking Vision'
- International Journal of Systematic Theology, 6, 4, 2004, pp. 337-50: 'Revelation, Scripture and Tradition: Some Comments on John Webster’s Conception of “Holy Scripture”'
- Ars Disputandi, 'Response to Moore', 2005
- Missioneoggi, 'Tutti lo adoreanno', 2005.
- Transformation. An International Dialogue on Mission and Ethics, 22, 3, 2005, pp. 148-57: 'On Theologizing Theology within the Secular University'
- Reviews of Religion and Theology: 'The New Wave Feminists: Catholic Orthodoxy Strikes Back', 1, 2005, pp. 3-10
- Studies in Interreligious Dialogue: 17, 1, 2007, pp. 31-45, ‘Engaging with a “Clash of Civilisations”. Liberal views of Religion in the Public Domain and Catholic Approaches’ – and a response by Norbert Hintersteiner, ‘Engaging Religious Plurality: Secular Awareness and Traditonary Procedure. A Response to Gavin D’Costa’, pp. 46-60
- Modern Theology, ‘”Christian Orthodoxy And Religious Pluralism": A Response to Terrence W. Tilley', 23, 3, 2007, pp. 435-446
- Modern Theology, ‘”Christian Orthodoxy And Religious Pluralism": A Further Rejoinder To Terrence W. Tilley', 23, 3, 2007, pp. 455-462
- Modern Theology, 'Concluding our Quaestio Disputata on Theologies of Religious Diversity' with Terrence Tilley, 23, 3, 2007, pp. 463-468
- International Journal of Systematic Theology, 'The descent into hell as a solution for the problem of the fate of unevangelised non-Christians: Balthasar’s hell, the limbo of the fathers, and purgatory', accepted for publication and forthcoming (2009)
- The Tablet, 10 December 1983, pp 1203 04: 'A Hindu Christianity'
- The Tablet, 21 July 1984, pp 691 92: 'Christ and Other Faiths'
- Catholic Herald, 14 June 1985, p 5: 'Conversations on a Tightrope'
- Catholic Herald, 21 June 1985, p 7: 'Recognizing Truth and Holiness in Other Faiths'
- Journal of Beliefs and Values, 7, 1, 1986, pp 14 22: 'A Report on the Blaisdell Conference, California, on Christianity and Other Religions'
- Journal of Beliefs and Values, 8, 2, 1987, pp 33 35: 'A Report on the Colston Society Symposium on Religious Pluralism'
- Journal of Beliefs and Values, 8, 2, 1987, pp 38 9: 'A Report on the Summer Institute for Teaching the Holocaust and Studies on Anti Semitism, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem'
- Discernment, 2, 2, 1988, pp 41 2: 'Report on Conference: 'Parting of Ways. Jews and Christians in the First Five Centuries'
- Discernment, 2, 4, 1988, pp 26 31: 'The Roman Catholic Committee for Other Faiths'
- Common Ground, 4, 1988, pp 8 9: 'Remembering for the Future. The Impact of the Holocaust and Genocide on Jews and Christians'
- Journal of Beliefs and Values, 10, 1 1989, pp 39 41: 'Conference Report on Christianity and the World Religions: Professor Hans Küng in Dialogue'
- Reconciliation Quarterly, March, 1989, pp 16 8: 'Interfaith Dialogue and Peace'
- Priest and People, 8, 1, 1994, pp 7 11: 'Faith in Pluralist Britain'
- The Tablet, 20/30 December 1995, pp 1648 49: 'How far can artists go?'
- Manna. The Voice of Living Judaism, 85, 2004, pp. 31-33: ‘Why the Jewish Edith Became a Catholic Saint’
- The Tablet, 2004, ‘Faith and reason in higher education’
- The Tablet, 29 October, 2005: ‘Judaism and Christianity: Nostra Aetate breaks up murderous siblings’
- Revista do Instituto Humanitas Unisinos (Online), 248, 17 December 2007
- Special edition: Jesus the universal saviour: 'Entrevista com Gavin D’Costa: O homem que torna Deus uma realidade para nős' [interview in Portuguese]
- Times Higher Education, 5-11 February, 2009: ‘Darwin and Christian theology’, pp. 32-3
Some secondary critical materials
- 1997: Karl Rahner and his influence on Catholic Theology of Religions (London, King's College: Samuel Rayan SJ)
- 1997: An anthropological approach to theology : a study of John Hick's theology of religious pluralism, towards ethical criteria for a global theology of religions (Bristol: Heather Meacock - published by University Press of America)
- 1997 Theologie im Angesicht der Religionen. Gavin D'Costa Kritik an der pluralistischen Religionstheologie John Hicks, (München: André Gerth – published by Ferdinand Schöningh)
- 1998 The Uniqueness of Jesus Christ in the Theocentric Model of the Christian Theology of Religions: An Elaboration and Evaluation of the Position of John Hick (Rome: Gregory Carruthers – published by University Press of America)
- 1988 'Christology, Liberation and Religious Pluralism. A Critical Study of M. M. Thomas, P. F. Knitter and G. G. D'Costa', (Gregorian University, Rome: John Thoppil)
- 1999 A Critical Reappraisal of Hendrik Kraemer and his Contribution to Theology of Religions (Durham: Tim S. Perry - published by Wilfred Laurier Press)
- 1999 Contemporary Catholic Theology of Religions and the problem of Christology: A study of Paul Knitter, Gavin D'Costa and Jacques Dupuis (Gregorianum, Rome: John Bong SJ)
- 1999 På väg mot en kristen religionsteologi: En undersökning av det kristna penbarelseanspråket i förhållande till andra religioners uppenbarelseanspråk (PhD, Uppsala University, Theology Faculty, Dag Bjärnhall: English abstract – http://publications.uu.se/theses/abstract.xsql?isbn=91-628-3666-8
- 2000 Dialogue and Proclamation: Catholic Theologies of Religion (Birmingham University: Mgr. Tom Farrow)
- 2002 The Theology of John Hick: Its Soteriological and Missiological implications for a Pluralistic age (MTh, University of Melbourne, Rev. Satish Manmothe)
- 2007 Trinidad Y Pluralismo Religioso en Gavin D’Costa. Lineas fundamentals de su propuesta telogica (MTh, Pontifical University of Salamanca, Luis Santamaria del Rio)
- 2007 The Trinitarian Theology of Jacques Dupuis, S. Mark Heim and Gavin D’Costa in Contemporary Interreligious Dialogue (PhD, Faculty of Theology, Leuven, Przemyslaw Plata)
- 2007 A “Trinitarian’ Theology of Religions? An Augustinian Assessment of Several Recent Proposals’, (Duke Divinity School, Duke University, by Keith Edward Johnson)
- 2010 A Trinitarian model in meeting the challenges of Religious Pluralism concerning the uniqueness of Jesus Christ: A study based on the writings of Gavin D'Costa, (started 2008, Institut Catholique de Paris, Paris)
- Gerard Loughlin, 'Paradox and Paradigms: Defending the Case for a Revolution in Theology of Religions', New Blackfriars, 66, 777, 1985, pp 127-35
- Alan Race, 'Christianity and Other Religions: Is Inclusivism Enough?', Theology, 89, 1966, pp 178-86
- Schubert Ogden, 'Problems in the Case for a Pluralistic Theology of Religions', The Journal of Religion, 68, 1988, pp 493-507
- H Döring and P Schmidt-Leukel, 'Interreligiöser Dialog als ökumenisches Problem, in: Catholica', Vierteljahresschrift für ökumenische Theologie, 44, 1990, 221-41
- Ian Markham, 'Creating Options: Shattering the ‘Exclusivist, Inclusivist, and Pluralist’ Paradigms’, New Blackfriars, 74, 867, 1993, pp 33-41
- John Hick, 'Straightening the Record: Some Responses to Critics', Modern Theology, 6, 1990, 187-95
- John Hick, 'The Possibility of Religious Pluralism: A Reply to Gavin D’Costa', Religious Studies, 33, 1997, pp 161-66
- Judson Trapnell, 'Indian Sources on the Possibility of a Pluralist View of Religions', Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 35, 2, 1998, pp.210-34 (in response to the 'Impossibility of a Pluralist view of religions' in Religious Studies - above)
- Paul Knitter, 'Catholics and Other Religions: Bridging the Gap between Dialogue and Theology', Louvain Studies, 24, 1999, pp. 319-54
- Tim Winter, 'The Last Trump Card', Studies in Interreligious Dialogue, 9, 2, 1999, pp.133-55
- Extended multi-review of my book The Meeting of Religions and the Trinity, (three reviewers: John Hick, Dan Cohn-Sherbok, John Peacock), with a response from me, Reviews of Religion and Theology, 8, 3, 2001, pp.232-50 (editor Isabel Wollaston)
- Rose Drew, 'Reconsidering the Possibility of Pluralism' Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 40, 3, 2003, pp. 245-66 (in response to the 'Impossibility of a Pluralist view of religions' in Religious Studies – above
- A James Reimer, ‘Public Orthodoxy and Civil Forbearance. The Challenge of Modern Law for Religious Minority Groups’, The Conrad Grebel Review, 21, 3, 2003, pp.96-111
- Norbert Hintersteiner, ‘Engaging Religious Plurality: Secular Awareness and Traditonary Procedure. A Response to Gavin D’Costa’, Studies in Interreligious Dialogue: 17, 1, 2007, pp. 46-60
- Modern Theology, ‘Christian Orthodoxy and Religious Pluralism: A Rejoinder to Gavin D’Costa’, 23, 3, 2007, pp. 447-454
- Modern Theology, ‘Concluding our Quaestio Disputata on Theologies of Religious Diversity’, with Terrence Tilley, 23, 3, 2007, pp. 463-468
- Gregory Carruthers, The Uniqueness of Jesus Christ in the Theocentric Model of the Christian Theology of Religions: An Elaboration and Evaluation of the Position of John Hick, Lanham, UPA, 1990
ed. Harold Hewitt, John Hick's Philosophy of Religion, Macmillan, London, 1991
- Responses to me from John Hick, pp 117 19; Jim Kellenberger, pp 120-24
- Alan Race, Christians and religious pluralism: patterns in the Christian theology of Religions, SCM, London, 1993, second edition
- John Hick, The Rainbow of Faiths, London, SCM, 1995
- Perry Schmidt-Leukel, 'Die religionstheologischen Grundmodelle: Exklusivismus, Inklusivismus, Pluralismus', in ed. A Peter, Christlicher Glaube in multireligiöser Gesellschaft, Erfahrungen, theologische Reflexionen, missionarische Perspektiven, Immensee, (Special edition: Neue Zeitschrift für Missionwissenschaft,) 44, 1996, pp.227-48
- André Gerth, Theologie im Angesicht der Religionen. Gavin D'Costa Kritik an der pluralistischen Religionstheologie John Hicks, Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn, München, 1997 (series: Beiträge zur Ökumenischen Theologie, Band 27)
- Jacques Dupuis, Towards A Christian Theology of Religions, Orbis, Mary Knoll, New York, 1999
- Joe DiNoia, Towards a Roman Catholic Theology of Religions, Catholic University of Washington DC, Washington, 1992
- Heather Meacock, An Anthropological Approach to Theology, University Press of America, Lanham/Oxford, 2000
- John D’Arcy May, ‘Catholic Fundamentalism? Some Implications of Dominus Iesus for Dialogue and Peacemaking’, in ed. Michael J. Rainer, “Dominus Iesus”: Antoessige Warheit oder anstoessige Kirche?, LIT-Verlag, Munster-Hamburg-London, 2001, pp. 21-34
- Alan Race, Interfaith Encounter, SCM, London, 2001
- Chris Sinkinson, The Universe of Faiths. A Critical Study of John Hick’s Religious Pluralism, Paternoster Press, Cumbria, 2001
- Tim S. Perry, Radical Difference. A Defence of Hendrik Kraemer's Theology of Religions, Wilfred Laurier University Press, Canada, 2001
- John Hick, Dialogues in the Philosophy of Religion, Palgrave, New York/London, 2001
- Paul F. Knitter, Introducing Theologies of Religions, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, New York, 2002
- Amos Young, Beyond the Impasse. Towards a Pneumatological Theology of Religions, Paternoster Press, Baker Academics, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2003
- Paul Rhodes Eddy, John Hick's Pluralist Philosophy of World Religions, Ashgate, Aldershot, 2002
- Terrence Merrigan, ‘Jacques Dupuis and the Redefinition of Inclusivism’, in eds Daniel Kendall & Gerald O’Collins, In Many and Diverse Ways. In Honour of Jacques Dupuis, Orbis Books, New York, 2003, pp. 60-71
- Veli-Matti Karkkainen, Trinity and Religious Pluralism: The Doctrine of Trinity in the Christian Theology of Religions, Ashgate, Aldershot, 2004, pp. 67-81
- Daniel A. Madigan, ‘Response to Gavin D’Costa’, in in ed. Liam Bergen, Faith, Word & Culture, Columba Press, Dublin, 2004, pp. 25-31
- Perry Schmidt-Leukel, ‘Exclusivism, Inclusivism, Pluralism. The Tripolar Typology – Clarified and Reaffirmed’, in ed. Paul F. Knitter, The Myth of Religious Superiority. A Multifaith Exploration, Orbis Books, New York, 2005, 13-27
- Terrence W. Tilley et al, Religious Diversity and the American Experience. A Theological Approach, Continuum, New York, 2007, pp. 80-93, 141-3, 177-80
- Paul Hedges, ‘Particularities: Tradition-Specific Post-modern Perspectives’, in eds. Alan Race & Paul Hedges, Christian Approaches to Other Faiths, SCM, London, 2008, pp. 112-35
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