Characterisation of cortico-subthalamic networks during deep brain stimulation surgery in Parkinson’s disease
Ramin Azodi Avval (Data Scientist)
E204 (Chemistry building)
Hosted by the Neural Dynamics Forum.
Speaker: Ramin Azodi Avval (http://razodia.com/)
Abstract: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a well-established symptomatic treatment for Parkinson’s diseases (PD). However, knowledge on local electrophysiological biomarkers within the STN and their cortical connectivity profile is still scarce. Such information would be necessary for optimal positioning of the DBS leads based on PD network pathophysiology. This talk describes the introduction and exploration of a novel technique for electrophysiological measurements during DBS surgery. Combined electroencephalography (EEG) with stepwise local field potentials recordings during insertion of the DBS lead was performed intraoperatively, thereby, allowing to capture local STN and cortico-subthalamic physiology with high speactral and spatial specificity. Our results revealed that strong beta oscillatory activity in the STN was located more dorsally than the STN-ipsilateral motor network phase coupling; the respective frequency bands were in the low and high beta-band, respectively. Moreover, the spot within the STN, where this STN-cortical phase coupling occurred, correlated highly with the STN spot where the phase of beta oscillations modulated the amplitude of high-frequency oscillations. This STN location was furthermore, characterized by information flowed from the ipsilateral motor cortex to the STN in the high beta-band suggesting a pathologically synchronized network with a direct STN-motor cortex connection via the hyperdirect pathway. Interestingly, the very same STN spot showed a resonance like responses to electrical stimulation suggesting a decoupling of pathologically synchronized STN-motor cortex connectivity during therapeutic DBS. In conclusion, we provide first evidence that macroelectrode recordings with the chronic electrode concurrent with EEG recordings are a reliable method for STN localization during DBS surgery. Additionally, combining LFP and EEG recordings during mapping of STN offered a new way of DBS targeting on the basis of pathological local biomarkers and network activity.
All are welcome to the ND forum, a lively weekly neuroscience seminar, with lots of questions and discussion. By tradition, the first question during the question time at the end of ND talks is usually asked by a PhD student.
For further information contact Elena Paci.