Note: some of the documents on this page are in PDF format. In order to view a PDF you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader
|BIOSIS Citation Index||The most comprehensive database for the traditional areas of biology - botany, zoology and microbiology, but also covers related fields such as biomedical sciences, agriculture, pharmacology and ecology, and includes interdisciplinary fields including biochemistry and veterinary medicine. The BIOSIS Citation Index combines the literature content from the BIOSIS Previews database with fully indexed cited references from BIOSIS (from 2006) and from all the Web of Science databases (prior to and post 2006). This means that in addition to subject and bibliographic searching of the BIOSIS literature you can now perform powerful cited reference searches.|
|CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health)||Provides authoritative coverage of the literature related to nursing and allied health. Virtually all English-language publications are indexed along with the publications of the American Nurses Association and the National League for Nursing. In total, more than 1200 journals are regularly indexed; online abstracts are available for more than 800 of these titles. Many records are provided with associated full-text and images. The database also provides access to healthcare books, nursing dissertations, selected conference proceedings, standards of professional practice, educational software and audiovisual materials in nursing. Covers 1982 to date.|
|Embase||Provides access to the bibliographic Excerpta medica database and covers approximately 3,500 international journals from 110 countries. The following subject fields are covered: drug research, pharmacology, toxicology, clinical and experimental human medicine, health policy and management, public health, occupational health, environmental health, drug dependence and abuse, psychiatry, forensic medicine and biomedical engineering and instrumentation. Nursing, veterinary medicine, psychology and alternative medicine are covered selectively. Data goes back to 1980 and is updated weekly.|
|Medline on OvidSP||Produced by the US National Library of Medicine, Medline on OvidSP covers the international literature on biomedicine, including the allied health fields and the biological and physical sciences, humanities, and information science as they relate to medicine and health care. Information is indexed from approximately 5,600 journals published world-wide. Data available goes back to 1966 and the database is updated weekly.|
|Medline on Web of Science||The Medline database is produced by the US National Library of Medicine. It encompasses information from Index medicus, Index to dental literature and International nursing, as well as other sources of coverage in the areas of allied health, biological and physical sciences, humanities and information science as they relate to medicine and health care, communication disorders, population biology and reproductive biology. More than 12 million records from more than 4,900 journals are indexed, plus selected monographs of congresses and symposia (1976-81). In October 2002 130,000 population-related journal citations unique to the former Popline database were added to Medline. Abstracts are included for about 52% of the records. Data available goes back to 1950.|
|PRODIGY||PRODIGY is a source of evidence-based health information and practical know-how about the common conditions managed in primary care. PRODIGY updates and builds on Clinical Knowledge Summaries, which is still available but is no longer updated.|
|PubMed, including Medline||A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine that includes millions of citations from Medline and other life science journals for biomedical articles back to 1948. PubMed includes links to full text articles and other related resources, including: - records from in Medline In Process (which is searchable through OvidSP - records move to the main Medline database after a week, when indexed with MeSH) - some chemistry and other non-medical science titles which do not have MeSH subject headings - many open access, full-text publications funded by the National Institute for Health.|
|Scopus||A large abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature: scientific journals, books and conference proceedings. Scopus has journal coverage in many subjects across the fields of science, technology, medicine, social sciences, and arts and humanities.|
|Web of Science - Core Collection||The databases available within the Web of Science - Core Collection are:
Entries prior to 1981 do not include abstracts.
|AgeInfo||An information service about old age and ageing provided by the Centre for Policy on Ageing. AgeInfo provides a bibliographic database of books, articles and reports from the specialist collection on social gerontology held at the Centre; detailed information about organisations active in the field in the United Kingdom, Europe and World-Wide; an international calendar of events listing courses, conferences, meetings, and training sessions.|
|Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED)||A unique bibliographic database produced by the Health Care Information Service of the British Library. Subject coverage includes: complementary medicine, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, rehabilitation, podiatry, and palliative care.|
|British Education Index||Provides information on research, policy and practice in education and training in the UK. The index covers all aspects and fields of education from pre-school to adult and higher education. Strengths include coverage of aspects of educational policy and administration, evaluation and assessment, technology and special educational needs. Database sources include education and training journals, mostly published in the UK, plus monographs, book reviews, policy and conference papers, research reports and theses. Some international material is also included.|
|Child Development & Adolescent Studies||A source of references to the current and historical literature related to the growth and development of children through the age of 21. The database includes all issues of Child Development Abstracts & Bibliography from 1927 - 2001 previously published by the Society for Research in Child Development plus new coverage on child rights and welfare issues. Book reviews and abstracts from hundreds of journals and a bibliography of thousands of technical reports, books, book chapters, theses and dissertations covering biomedical and social sciences worldwide are indexed.|
|Conference proceedings citation indexes||see Web of Science - Core Collection above|
Guides to searching databases
A number of guides to searching individual databases and to literature searching in general, produced by the Medical Librarians, together with some externally produced, are available here. The Medical Librarian team are also able to give help and advice about searching databases.
The Medical Subject team run a programme of training in finding and using information by arrangement with your department.
There is no single way of writing references, however you should cite references in a consistent style. Biomedical journals mostly use either the Harvard or Vancouver formats for citing references.
The Vancouver Group - now known as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors - first published its Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals in 1979. The current version of Uniform requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals is available online. For samples of reference citation formats, consult the National Library of Medicine.
Other useful resources include:
Literature references are often written with abbreviated terms. Abbreviated journal titles can make finding a journal difficult. It is often necessary to know the full title in order to locate the journal. To find journal title abbreviations you could use:
If you are unable to find the abbreviation you are looking for, please ask a member of the Library staff for assistance.
Sometimes very short unofficial abbreviations are employed in reference books or journals. Here are some examples that you may encounter:
Please note: these should not be used in the references that you write, unless they are stipulated by the body or journal that you are submitting your work to.
EndNote is the University of Bristol's recommended bibliographical management software, which can be used to collect, store, organise and manage references, and to output them as reference lists or bibliographies. A particularly useful function is 'Cite While You Write', enabling you to format Word documents, producing bibliographies and adding references within the text.
Updated 21 September 2015 by the University Library
University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TJ, UK - Tel: +44 (0)117 928 8000