Peacebuilding and Security Sector Reform
As illustrated by the cases of Syria, Libya or Ukraine, the consequences of ongoing conflicts remain devastating and extend from direct civilian casualties, internally displaced persons and human rights violations to regional and international security threats such as humanitarian crises and refugee flows.
This research theme examines the ways in which states and non-state actors such as international organisations and civil society actors have grappled with these issues over time. This theme brings together SPAIS researchers with a wide ranging disciplinary expertise on peacebuilding, development and security sector reform and combined with extensive regional expertise (e.g. Western Balkans, Asia, Horn of Africa) to provide a comprehensive approach to the challenge of promoting sustainable peace. Current GIC research in this area spans from the role of civil society actors, the evolution of conflict prevention capabilities to the transformation of international peacebuilding initiatives, with a particular focus on issues of capacity building, resilience and local ownership.
Current projects within this theme
EU-CIVCAP: Improving EU conflict prevention and peacebuilding
A major Horizon 2020 research programme. The three-year €1,714,976 EU-CIVCAP project will provide a comprehensive, comparative and multidisciplinary analysis of the EU's current conflict prevention and peacebuilding activities. The project started in December 2015.
Keeping Enough in Reserve
A three year, £296,620 project, examining the employment and identity issues pertaining to reservists serving with the British Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Naval Reserve. The project addresses a number of key challenges associated with the proposed transformation of the armed forces under the Future Reserves 2020 programme, in ways that ensure not just the assimilation of reservists, but crucially, their genuine integration. In order to do so, the research will focus on the consequences of the reservist policy for the relationship between the armed forces and its host society, what it means to be both a soldier and a civilian in citizenship and identity terms, how employers both view and respond to the FR20 programme, and ultimately, the likelihood that such a transformation will succeed.
Safe Seas Network
The Safe Seas Network brings together academic institutions that study maritime security governance. It investigates responses to maritime threats and how they are related to other areas of ocean governance, such as ocean health or the blue economy. The network has been involved in the following projects, and produced a downloadable best practice toolkit.
Building Maritime Security Capacity
A pilot project studying lessons from maritime security capacity building in the Western Indian Ocean. The objective is to develop key guidelines and best practices for the coordination, programming and implementation of maritime security capacity building and maritime security sector reform. The project compares the ongoing efforts to restructure the maritime security sector in four countries (Djibouti, Kenya, Seychelles, and Somalia). Although maritime capacity building has been done in limited forms for decades by international navies and the International Maritime Organization, it is generally considered as a new field of international activity.
Transnational Organised Crime at Sea (TOCAS)
The TOCAS project examines maritime crime in the Indo-Pacific region. Case studies of the Western Indian Ocean, South East Asia and South Pacific sub-regions explore types of crime at sea, their interconnections and responses. TOCAS brings together for the first time ever existing research on maritime crime from different disciplinary backgrounds.
Best practice toolkit: Mastering Maritime Security
An important toolkit for all practitioners involved in maritime security, providing essential guidance on the planning, programming and implementation of capacity building for maritime security.