The Leverhulme Trust has awarded a grant of over a million pounds to a joint research programme of the Bristol University Research Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship, hosted by the Department of Sociology, and the Migration Research Unit (MRU), based in the Department of Geography, University College London.
This joint Programme, consists of eight linked projects, which commenced in April 2003, and looks at three elements in human mobility and its consequences.
- The diversity of movements of people today: these vary by motive for moving, length of stay, occasional or terminal return to the country of origin, onward movements to other destinations and so on. One project will study human smuggling and trafficking-networks between Pakistan and Britain, and several other projects will focus on the neglected topic of highly skilled migrants. Increasing sectors of employment, often dominated by large transnational corporations for whom movement of staff is routine, are being globalised and a new elite of internationalised workers has emerged. One of the sectors that will be investigated is the staffing and student recruitment of UK higher education. Another project will consider how far various types of movement are substituting for each other in the mobility of human expertise.
- Settlement issues of previous generation(s) of migrants and descendants. One project, utilising the 2001 Census, will explore the thesis that residential concentration amongst ethnic minorities is no longer necessarily associated with socio-economic disadvantage, but is a reflection of the relaxation of the pressures of assimilation. Another project will explore the utility of the concept of social capital by studying the reproduction of community across generations and by gender in two Pakistani communities.
- Impact on and interaction with the 'receiving' societies. Two projects will look at aspects of contemporary British and English national identities in the light of migration and associated changes. One project will look at how religious difference is being represented in national identity discourses. The other project will focus on how white English views of national identity vary by class.
This Programme will be co-directed by Professor Tariq Modood (Bristol) and Professor John Salt (UCL). Other team members are Professor Steve Fenton, Professor Ron Johnston and Dr Suruchi Thapar-Bjorkert (Bristol), and Dr Claire Dwyer and Dr Khalid Koser (UCL). The full list of researchers involved is available here.
The Leverhulme Trust was established in 1925 under the Will of the first Lord Leverhulme - William Hesketh Lever - the entrepreneur and philanthropist who established Lever Brothers in the late nineteenth century. The Trust provides some £25million each year to promote research of originality and significance principally in the university sector across a full span of disciplines.