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Publication - Dr Robert Spaull

    Exosomes populate the cerebrospinal fluid of preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus

    Citation

    Spaull, R, McPherson, B, Gialeli, A, Clayton, A, Uney, J, Heep, A & Cordero-Llana, &#x, 2;019, ‘Exosomes populate the cerebrospinal fluid of preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus’. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, vol 73., pp. 59-65

    Abstract

    Background
    Preterm infants are at risk of germinal matrix haemorrhage-intraventricular haemorrhage (GMH-IVH) which leads to post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) in 30% of infants; this is associated with moderate-severe neurodevelopmental impairment and confers significant risk of cerebral palsy. There are however no predictive indicators of the severity or long-term outcome after GMH-IVH. In recent years, endosome-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) or exosomes have been isolated from biofluids and shown to mediate intercellular communication via selective enrichment in proteins and micro-RNAs.
    Methods
    This study aimed to isolate and characterise EVs from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 3 preterm infants with PHH using nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with immunogold protein labelling, and micro-RNA analysis.
    Results
    NTA of unaltered CSF revealed a heterogeneous and dynamic population of EVs. Exosomal-sized EVs were isolated by differential ultracentrifugation and TEM confirmed the presence of CD63+ and CD81+ exosomes. The micro-RNAs miR-9, miR-17, miR-26a, miR-124 and miR-1911 were detected within the exosome-enriched fraction and profiled over time.
    Conclusion
    This is the first reported characterisation of exosomes from the CSF of preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus.

    Full details in the University publications repository